JURIST is tracking government action at the state, national, and international levels and gathering information on everything from official public health pages to key background articles on the disease. Whether it’s understanding the broad scope of change or reading about a particular issue, we want to help. If there’s something we’re missing, please send us an email or message us on Twitter.
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US State Orders
- New York governor says New York City on track to begin reopening June 8.
- New Jersey governor announces that daycares will reopen Jun 15 and that organized sports will resume on June 22.
- Michigan governor signs order expanding COVID-19 testing.
- Virginia governor signs order requiring face coverings to be worn in public, indoor settings.
- New Jersey governor announces that modified in-person graduation ceremonies can begin July 6.
- California issues guidance for the reopening of places of worship.
- New Jersey governor signs order increasing capacity limit for outdoor activities to 25 people.
- Texas governor allows spectators to return to outdoor sporting events.
- Michigan governor signs order allowing non-essential dental and veterinary procedures to resume, also allows retail stores to reopen by appointment
- New York governor announces that the state’s capital region has fulfilled metrics required to enter phase one of New York’s regional reopening plan.
- Delaware governor announces additional interim steps allowing retail establishments to operate by appointment starting May 20 and for restaurants, bars, and cafes to apply to expand their outdoor seating upon reopening June 1.
- California governor relaxes requirements for counties to enter second phase of state’s reopening plan.
- Massachusetts governor launches first phase of state’s reopening plan.
- Texas governor signs order beginning phase two of the sate’s reopening, expanding openings to bars, zoos, and outdoor events.
- Delaware governor issues guidance for the state’s June 1 reopening.
- Delaware governor opens the state’s beaches, modifying the stay-at-home order, but keeps the mandatory 14-day quarantine for travelers and restrictions on short-term rentals in effect.
- Massachusetts governor announces a four-phase reopening plan for the state’s economy and mandatory workplace safety standards that will apply across sectors.
- Nevada releases industry specific guidelines for first phase of reopening.
- South Dakota governor orders Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe to remove COVID-19 health checkpoints.
- Arizona governor issues order allowing barbers and cosmetologists to resume service by appointment on May 8 and restaurants to reopen for dine-in service on May 11 while adhering to social distancing requirements.
- New York governor announces agreement between seven states to create a regional supply chain for medical and protective equipment.
- New Hampshire governor issues new stay-at-home order allowing for urgent surgeries to resume, some shops and restaurants to reopen with social distancing requirements.
- Michigan governor extends state of emergency through May 28 by executive order.
- Arkansas governor announces gyms can reopen May 4.
- California governor announces closure of Orange County beaches; signs order allowing adults to obtain marriage licenses by videoconference.
- Illinois governor issues new stay-at-home order, allowing groups of 10 to gather where social distancing is possible and parks, golf courses, and some retail stores to reopen.
- Nevada governor extends stay-at-home order until May 15 with modifications for outdoor activities, announces phased reopening plan
- Maine governor extends stay-at-home order while introducing phase one of the state’s reopening plan that will allow some businesses to reopen but require cloth masks where social distancing is difficult.
- California governor expands farm to family program as demand for food banks soar and farms experience disruptions.
- Arizona governor extends stay-at-home order with modifications allowing for retailers to expand pick-up and delivery services and some elective surgeries to resume.
- New York governor announces more details on the phased plan to reopen the state region by region.
- Alabama governor issues safer-at-home order to replace the stay-at-home order expiring April 3o.
- New York governor announces gradual, region-by-region reopening plan that could begin in some areas after the New York PAUSE order expires on May 15.
- Colorado governor allows stay-at-home order to expire and introduces less restrictive safer-at-home order.
- Hawaii governor extends stay-at-home order through May 31 and eases restrictions on beaches and elective surgeries.
- New York governor orders that every eligible voter receive an application for a mail-in ballot for June elections.
- Kentucky governor orders eligible voters to vote by mail in June election and relaxes state’s vote-by-mail restrictions.
- Oklahoma governor announces phased reopening plan to begin April 24 with the reopening of parks and recreational areas.
- Montana governor announces phased reopening plan to begin April 26 for people and April 27 for businesses if the restrict capacity and maintain social distancing.
- Alaska governor announces phased reopening plan to begin April 24.
- Georgia governor announces restaurants, gyms, hair salons, other businesses will open April 24.
- South Carolina governor announces beaches and some retail stores will reopen.
- Tennessee governor announces stay-at-home order will expire April 30, vast majority of businesses will reopen May 1.
- Maryland governor orders expedited release of some prisoners.
- New Jersey governor asks the Department of Homeland Security to extend work permits for those in DACA program.
- Texas governor announces phased reopening of economy, beginning with state parks.
- New York governor announces restrictions will be extended until May 15 in coordination with other northeastern states.
- New York governor orders all citizens over the age of two to wear a face mask when in public and unable to maintain social distance.
- Oklahoma governor announces extension of stay-at-home order until May 6 for vulnerable individuals, resumption of elective surgeries starting April 24.
- Rhode Island governor orders all customers and employees of businesses in the state to wear face masks.
- Governors of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Delaware, and Massachusetts announce intent to coordinate the re-opening of their states. Governors in Washington, Oregon, and California also announce similar plan.
- Pennsylvania governor orders some incarcerated individuals to be released from state prisons.
- New Jersey governor orders riders and workers to wear face masks on public transit, introduces other safety precautions.
- Utah governor orders adults entering the state to disclose their travel plans.
- Michigan governor removes barriers to remote estate planning, allows e-signatures, remote witnessing and notarization.
- Michigan governor orders licensing requirements and regulations for emergency medical services suspended.
- Wisconsin governor orders in-person voting in the state’s election scheduled for April 7 postponed until June 9.
- South Carolina governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Illinois governor orders furloughs for inmates of the state’s Department of Corrections suspended.
- Michigan governor renews order restricting visits to care and juvenile justice facilities, requires best efforts to facilitate remote visits.
- Arkansas governor issues order limiting recreational travel to the state and mandating social distancing.
- Alabama governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- New York governor issues order allowing ventilators and personal protective equipment to be diverted to hospitals in the state with the most need.
- Missouri governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Wisconsin governor calls a special session of the legislature to consider mail-based alternatives to Tuesday’s election.
- Florida governor orders citizens to stay at home until April 30, makes an exception for religious gatherings.
- Pennsylvania governor extends stay-at-home order to the entire state.
- Georgia governor announces that he will issue a stay-at-home order.
- Mississippi governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Illinois governor grants healthcare providers immunity from civil liability while responding to the COVID-19 outbreak.
- Maine governor orders citizens to stay at home until April 30.
- Nevada governor requests US President declare a major disaster in Nevada, orders citizens to stay at home.
- Virginia governor orders citizens to stay at home until June 10.
- Arizona governor orders citizens to stay at home until April 30.
- Maryland governor orders citizens to stay at home for the duration of the emergency.
- Rhode Island governor orders citizens to stay at home, orders all travelers, not just New Yorkers, entering the state to quarantine for 14 days.
- Kansas governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- New York governor orders the state’s presidential primary postponed until June 23, blocks hospital policy that barred pregnant women from bringing partners into labor and delivery room.
- Alaska governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- North Carolina governor issues stay-at-home order.
- Rhode Island governor announces that the police and National Guard will help enforce self-quarantine order by stopping cars with New York plates and going door-to-door looking for people who have been in New York in the last 14 days.
- New Mexico governor orders all air travelers entering the state to self-quarantine for 14 days.
- Alaska governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- New Hampshire governor orders citizens to stay at home until May 4.
- Montana governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Georgia governor orders all schools to stay closed until April 24.
- Texas governor orders those arriving in Texas by air from NY, NJ, CT, or New Orleans to self-isolate for 14 days.
- Iowa governor announces a ban on elective and non-essential medical and dental procedures.
- Colorado governor amends stay-at-home order allowing houses of worship to continue in-person services if social distancing is practiced.
- New York governor says hospitals can use a single ventilator to treat two patients to ease the shortage.
- Rhode Island governor orders all travelers entering the state from New York to self-quarantine for 14 days.
- Colorado governor orders citizens to stay at home, signs additional orders to limit the spread of COVID-19 in state prisons and loosen licensing requirements for healthcare workers.
- Idaho governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Minnesota governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Wisconsin governor and the state’s Department of Health Services order citizens to stay at home and nonessential businesses to close.
- DC mayor orders non-essential businesses to close, citizens of the district to stay at home from March 25 to April 24.
- Vermont governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Mississippi governor declares most businesses essential, invalidating local bans, but limiting gatherings to 10 people until April 17.
- Florida governor orders people entering the state from New York, New Jersey, or Connecticut to self-isolate for 14 days.
- Massachusetts governor orders citizens to stay at home, closes non-essential businesses from March 24 to April 7.
- Michigan governor orders citizens to stay at home, businesses to stop non-essential in-person activities, starting March 24 and lasting at least three weeks.
- West Virginia governor orders citizens to stay at home, closes non-essential businesses.
- Indiana governor orders citizens to stay at home, closes non-essential businesses.
- Virginia governor orders non-essential businesses, K-12 schools to close.
- Washington governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Maryland orders all non-essential businesses close, prohibits retailers from increasing prices, authorizes labs in the state to develop COVID-19 testing.
- New Jersey governor orders all elective medical procedures halted to preserve medical equipment and hospital capacity.
- Hawaii governor orders citizens to say at home.
- New Mexico orders citizens to stay at home.
- Oregon governor orders citizens to stay at home.
- Pennsylvania governor orders citizens in six counties to stay at home.
- Rhode Island governor orders air travelers entering the state to self-quarantine for 14 days.
- New York governor orders all elective, non-critical surgeries to be canceled.
- New Jersey governor announces that state departments will work to provide all residents with access to telemedicine and tele-mental health services during the pandemic.
- Ohio governor and Ohio Department of Health Director order citizens to stay home, close non-essential businesses.
- Louisiana governor orders citizens to stay home, closes non-essential businesses.
- Delaware governor orders citizens to stay home, orders non-essential businesses to close, starting March 24 and lasting until May 15.
- Kentucky governor orders non-essential businesses to close.
- New Jersey governor orders citizens to stay at home unless engaged in essential activities.
- New Hampshire governor orders all grocery and retail stores to temporarily transition to single-use paper or plastic bags because of the risk posed by reusable bags.
- California governor orders residents of the state to indefinitely stay home except for essential jobs and activities.
- New York governor orders all non-essential workers to stay at home.
- Pennsylvania governor orders closure of all businesses that are not life-sustaining.
- Illinois governor orders all citizens of the state to stay in their homes except for essential purposes.
- Connecticut governor orders citizens to stay at home unless engaged in essential activities.
- Washington governor orders all elective surgeries and dental services stopped to preserve protective equipment for COVID-19 healthcare workers.
- Connecticut governor orders state primary moved to June 2, closes courts to non-critical court operations, and restricts operations of non-essential businesses.
- New Jersey governor announces moratorium on evictions and foreclosures, announces changes to upcoming elections.
- Washington governor announces moratorium on evictions, suspends penalties related to tax collection, suspends waiting periods for unemployment benefits, and eases restrictions on commercial drivers, all to be effective immediately until midnight on April 17.
- California governor orders all state assessment testing canceled for the academic year 2019-2020, and authorizes emergency funding and eases restrictions on local governments to protect homeless citizens from COVID-19.
- Washington governor announces additional restrictions on visitors to longterm care facilities.
- California governor eases restrictions on commercial drivers supporting emergency relief work.
- Massachusetts issues four emergency orders relaxing licensing requirements to address healthcare professional shortage.
- Nevada governor announces closure of non-essential businesses, 6-foot social distancing rule.
- Governors of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut announce coordinated state action in the absence of stronger federal action. The three states will ban all gatherings of 50+ people and close all casinos, gyms, theaters, bars, and restaurants until further notice effective at 8 PM tonight.
- New Jersey enacts curfew starting today, closes non-essential businesses, closes schools starting Wednesday.
- Rhode Island limits gatherings to 25 people.
- Maryland governor announces closure of bars and restaurants, orders the state’s Department of Health to add 6,000 hospital beds, suspends medical licensing requirements, calls up 1000 National Guard soldiers.
- Washington governor announces immediate two-week closure of all restaurants, bars, recreational and entertainment facilities, amends ban on gatherings so that gatherings of 50+ people are now prohibited, issues state-wide restrictions on visitors at longterm care facilities.
- California governor authorizes local governments to halt evictions, slow foreclosures, and protect against utility shut-offs.
- New Hampshire governor bans gatherings of 50+ people and onsite consumption of food and beverages.
- Maryland governor issues emergency order closing all casinos and racetracks.
- Maryland governor enacts emergency order to expand childcare for critical personnel during state of emergency.
- New Hampshire declares a state of emergency, closes state’s schools.
- Washington governor announces state-wide closure of all K-12 schools, orders colleges, universities and apprenticeship program to cease in-person instruction, extends ban on large gatherings to the entire state, and applies rules on nursing homes to all adult family homes.
- California governor guarantees funding for schools even in the event of closure.
- Texas governor declares a state of disaster.
- West Virginia announces the closure of schools.
- New Mexico orders closure of schools for three weeks.
- Maryland announces two-week closure of all schools
- Kentucky announces closure of all schools for two weeks
- Washington governor announces schools in Snohomish, King and Pierce Counties will be closed until April 24.
- California orders citizens to follow public health directives, waives waiting period for unemployment insurance, extends filing deadline for state taxes, readies state to commandeer property for healthcare purposes, and allows legislative bodies to hold meetings by teleconference.
- Connecticut governor announces a ban on gatherings of 250+ people.
- Washington governor announces a ban on gatherings of 250+ people in the state’s hardest-hit counties.
- California announces policy suggesting events of 250+ people should be canceled or rescheduled.
- Massachusetts governor declares a state of emergency after cases double in the state.
- North Carolina governor declares a state of emergency, explaining that “increased flexibility to respond and prevent as well as to allocate funds where needed” would be necessary to fight the spreading virus.
- New York governor announces containment zone north of New York City as cases balloon.
- Washington governor announces new rules about visitors, testing, and precautionary measures at nursing homes.
- New Jersey governor declares a state of emergency.
- New York governor declares a state of emergency.
- Maryland governor directs insurers in the state to waive the costs of testing.
- Maryland governor declares a state of emergency.
- California governor declares a state of emergency.
- New York governor orders health insurers to waive the cost of testing.
- Washington governor declares a state of emergency.
- New Jersey governor signs order establishing a COVID-19 task force.
- US President terminates the nation’s relationship with the World Health Organization.
- France Prime Minister announces that bars and beaches can open on June 2 and lifts a 60-mile travel restriction.
- US Centers for Disease Control issues new guidelines for reopening of offices.
- Japan Prime Minister announces that the nation’s state of emergency has been lifted across entire country.
- India orders travelers entering the nation to undergo a mandatory 14-day quarantine.
- US President bans the entry of most non-US citizens traveling to the US from Brazil.
- Saudi Arabia begins a five-day lockdown that coincides with the days of celebration and gathering that mark the end of Ramadan.
- US Centers for Disease Control release guidance for communities of faith.
- US President announces that places of worship are to be considered “essential” operations.
- The US Centers for Disease Control release resources to help US states reopen schools, businesses, and other public spaces in their jurisdictions.
- US Centers for Disease Control release guidance for reopening of schools.
- Iraq Health Minister announces two-week lockdown for parts of Baghdad after a spike in cases.
- Italy Prime Minister signs order allowing travel to the nation and between its regions to resume June 3.
- El Salvador President renews state of emergency without congressional approval.
- Germany Interior Minister announces that the nation’s land border with Luxembourg will reopen May 16, that all land borders will have reduced restrictions starting the same day, and that land borders with France, Austria, and Switzerland and air borders with Spain and Italy will reopen June 15.
- Phillipines President announces easing of restrictions in low-risk areas of the country and an extension of the lockdown in large cities like Manila and Cebu.
- Russia President announces easing of lockdown across the country.
- UK Prime Minister announces easing of nations lockdown, says those who cannot work from home should return to work if possible.
- Spain’s Health Ministry publishes order with details on the first phase of a four-phase reopening plan, allowing for groups of up to 1o to gather, outdoor cafes and restaurants to open, religious services to resume so long as social distancing is observed.
- Australia National Cabinet announces three-step plan to ease restrictions, setting the goal of opening a safe and sustainable economy by July 2020.
- Pakistan Prime Minister announces that the nation’s lockdown will start being lifted May 9.
- El Salvador President announces new restrictions, limiting grocery shopping, movement between jurisdictions, and suspending public transport, enhancing the nation’s already strict lockdown.
- The Netherlands announces it will ease some restrictions, including opening primary schools and childcare centers, beginning May 11.
- Israel Cabinet approves measures easing lockdown, allowing many businesses to reopen and activities to resume.
- Malaysia issues new movement control order, allowing business activity to resume nationwide.
- Sri Lanka announces reopening on May 11, begins phasing out curfew.
- The Philippines cancels all incoming international flights for one week starting May 3.
- India extends lockdown for another two weeks starting May 4.
- Japan Prime Minister announces plans to extend state of emergency that was to expire May 6.
- Hungary announces gradual reopening of economy, but bans large gathers until August 15 and keeps schools closed until the end of May.
- US Attorney General directs federal prosecutors to monitor state and local measures for violations of constitutional rights and civil liberties.
- Argentina orders all commercial flights to, from, and within the country stopped until September 1.
- Italy Prime Minister announces manufacturing to restart on May 4, visits to relatives and outdoor activity also to be allowed to resume.
- Spain President announces that outdoor exercise and outings with members of the same household will be allowed starting May 2.
- Czech Republic extends state of emergency but begins relaxing restrictions.
- US President signs anticipated order halting some kinds of immigration, including the issuing of green cards, for 60 days.
- Spain President seeks to extend state of emergency with promise of gradual lifting of restrictions in mid-May.
- Denmark bans gatherings of 500 people through September 1.
- Hong Kong Chief Executive announces safety measures to last for another two weeks.
- New Zealand announces that it will downgrade to alert level three at 11:59 PM on April 27, allowing some businesses to reopen and people to return to work.
- US President announces that he will sign an executive order temporarily suspending immigration.
- US President announces he will use the Defense Production Act to compel the production of swabs needed for testing.
- Rwanda orders wearing of face masks in public.
- Morocco announces the extension of lockdown measures until May 20.
- Canada Prime Minister announces its shared border with the US will remain closed for another 30 days.
- Canada Transportation Agency announces that masks will be obligatory on all flights.
- Turkey imposes strict curfews on 81 cities.
- Vietnam announces that it will continue entry restrictions through the end of the month.
- UK lockdown measures to be extended for another three weeks.
- Switzerland Federal Council announces gradual easing of restrictions beginning April 27.
- Denmark reopens daycares, kindergartens and primary schools.
- German Chancellor and state Premiers agree to extend restrictions until May 3 and on a reopening plan.
- India Prime Minister extends lockdown due to end today for another three weeks.
- US President announces that he will halt aid to the World Health Organization.
- Iceland Prime Minister announces gradual easing of restrictions starting May 4.
- France President announces extension of lockdown until May 11.
- Spain eases lockdown measures, allowing construction and manufacturing work to resume.
- Nigeria President extends lockdown by another two weeks.
- Turkey imposes 48-hour lockdown in much of the country.
- Italian President extends stay-at-home order until May 3.
- US President orders US military stationed in Italy to support the nation’s COVID-19 response.
- US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issue relaxed interim guidelines allowing potentially exposed “critical infrastructure” employees to remain at work if they are asymptomatic and take extra precautions; extends no-sail order for cruise ships.
- South Africa President extends lockdown through end of April.
- China reopens Wuhan after 76-day lockdown.
- US Customs and Border Patrol and the Federal Emergency Management Agency announce they will use the Defense Production Act to prevent critical medical resources being sent overseas.
- Ethiopia Council of Ministers decrees a state of emergency.
- Japan Prime Minister declares month-long emergency in Tokyo and six other prefectures.
- Bahrain Executive Committee announces gradual reopening of some stores starting April 9, requires employees and visitors to wear masks.
- Austria expands mask-wearing requirement to small shops and public transportation, announces plans to ease lockdown measures starting next week.
- Singapore Prime Minister announces closure of most businesses, schools for one month.
- Turkey President orders those under 20 and over 65 to stay at home.
- US President directs authorities to keep scarce medical goods in the US for domestic use.
- Japan bans entry of travelers from 73 countries, including the US, UK, and China.
- Israel Prime Minister orders people to wear masks when in public.
- Italy extends lockdown until at least April 12.
- Austria issues decree making masks mandatory in supermarkets and pharmacies.
- South Korea announces mandatory 2-week quarantine for all travelers entering the country.
- Sweeden begins to ban gatherings larger than 50 people.
- US President announces a 30-day extension of social distancing guidelines.
- Libya announces the release of prisoners, becomes the latest Middle Eastern country to make the move.
- Nigeria President orders a 14-day lockdown of Lagos and the capital city of Abuja.
- Russia begins a week-long paid holiday to contain the spread of COVID-19, citizens encouraged to stay home, essential industries to continue work.
- China partly reopens the city of Wuhan, people may enter but not leave.
- US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ask people in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut to refrain from travel for 14 days at urging of US President.
- Spain announces new lockdown restrictions, only essential workers to leave home.
- Portugal grants migrants and asylum seekers temporary residency and work permits, access to the national healthcare and social services.
- US President compels General Motors to produce ventilators, invoking the Defense Production Act.
- France extends nationwide lockdown until April 15.
- Ireland announces a two-week lockdown, people may leave their homes to shop for essentials or exercise.
- China bans entry of foreign nationals, including those with visas and residence permits, amid rise of travel-related cases of COVID-19.
- Nigeria President announces closure of international airports and land borders, suspends train service, the lockdown of ports, and release of special funds to combat spread of virus.
- Zimbabwe announces that citizens can use foreign currencies to make buying local goods and services easier during the pandemic.
- New Zealand declares a state of emergency, month-long lockdown to begin at midnight.
- Singapore announces closure of bars, restaurants, and entertainment venues, lasting from March 26 to April 30.
- Malaysia Prime Minister extends the nation’s movement control order for two weeks.
- Russia President delays vote on constitutional changes, citing COVID-19 concerns.
- Thailand Prime Minister declares a state of emergency, bans entry of foreigners.
- US President declares major disaster in Texas, opens up new federal funding for the state.
- Kenya President announces reduction in government salaries, nationwide curfew to help combat virus spread.
- Uganda President announces 14-day freeze of public transportation to combat virus spread.
- Ethiopia President announces pardon of thousands of prisoners to combat virus spread.
- Japan Prime Minister together with the International Olympic Committee postpones the Summer Olympic Games.
- India Prime Minister orders nationwide lockdown for three weeks beginning March 25.
- Australia limits guests at weddings to 5, at funerals to 10, closes more non-essential businesses.
- Congo President declares a state of emergency, closes borders to non-essential traffic, places quarantine zone around the capital city, Kinshasa.
- UK Prime Minister tells citizens to stay at home, immediately closes all shops, stops all social events, and bans gatherings of more than two people in public.
- After India Prime Minister calls on state governments for help, 30 Indian states announce lockdown.
- South Africa President announces 21-day lockdown, beginning March 26.
- Senegal announces a state of emergency enacts travel ban.
- Ivory Coast announces a state of emergency enacts travel ban.
- Germany bans public gatherings of more than two people, families and people living together are exempt.
- China announces that, after two months of lockdown in Wuhan, cleared individuals will begin returning to work and that public transportation will gradually resume.
- India Prime Minister announces a 14-hour test curfew.
- Australia Prime Minister announces closing of bars, restaurants, gyms, places of worship and other non-essential places of congregation.
- US President directs the Federal Emergency Management Agency to fully fund all relief activities undertaken by Washington’s, California’s, and New York’s National Guard units.
- Italy President orders all non-essential production to stop.
- US President announces closing of US-Mexico border to non-essential traffic.
- US President announces that states may waive federally required student assessment testing.
- US Treasury Secretary announces the federal tax-filing deadline will be delayed from April 15 to July 15.
- UK Prime Minister tells bars, restaurants, gyms, and theaters to close.
- The Dominican Republic closes its borders.
- Italy announces tighter restrictions on movement, parks and public spaces closed, that exercise must be done individually and in close proximity to one’s home.
- Argentina President announces lockdown, barring citizens from leaving their homes except for essential purposes, to be enforced by soldiers beginning Friday and lasting until March 31.
- Italy deploys army to city of Bergamo.
- US and Canada announce temporary restrictions on all non-essential travel at their shared border.
- US President invokes the Defense Production Act of 1950 to increase the production of masks and protective equipment.
- US Federal Housing Authority places a temporary moratorium on foreclosures and evictions.
- Australia raises travel warnings to level-four “do not travel” warning for those wishing to go overseas.
- India bans entry of Indians traveling from the EU, UK, and Turkey.
- The UK will close all schools starting Friday until further notice.
- Czech Republic issues regulation making face masks mandatory in public.
- Belgium announces a nation-wide lockdown from March 18 to April 5, prohibiting gatherings and limiting outings to essential activities, such as trips to supermarkets, pharmacies, and banks.
- France imposes nation-wide lockdown for 15 days, requiring citizens to justify their movements to authorities and imposing fines for unapproved activities.
- Canada Prime Minister closes borders to non-permanent residents and non-citizens; US citizens are exempted from the travel ban.
- Venezuela announces quarantine for six of its states.
- US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend no gatherings of more than 10.
- Malaysia Prime Minister announces lockdown to go into effect Wednesday and to last for 30 days.
- Columbia President announces closing of the nation’s borders through the end of the month.
- US Department of Homeland Security Secretary issues new instructions for US citizens, permanent residents, and their immediate families entering the US from the UK, Ireland, Schengen Area countries, Iran, and China.
- Hungary Prime Minister announces that the nation’s borders will be closed, as will most commercial establishments.
- US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend no gatherings of more than 50 people for the next 8 weeks.
- Australia announces a 14-day mandatory isolation period for international travelers coming into the country.
- Slovakia announces a state of emergency, closes non-essential stores, cancels all but necessary surgeries.
- South Africa declares a national state of disaster and bans foreign nationals of high-risk countries from entering the nation.
- The US extends travel ban to UK and Ireland.
- Bangladesh announces a ban on travelers from Europe and a handful of other nations, including India, that will go into effect on Monday and last for 16 days.
- Denmark closes its borders.
- Spain Prime Minister declares a 15-day state of emergency.
- Czech Prime Minister announces a ban on travel in and out of the Czech Republic starting March 16.
- Pakistan announces all land borders will be closed for two weeks, schools closed for three weeks, and flights decreased.
- Ukraine announces that it will close its borders for two weeks.
- Oman cancels tourists visas, sporting events, and prohibits guests from entering courtrooms, cruise ships from entering ports, and the smoking of shisha for 30 days.
- Moldova cancels flights from France and Spain beginning March 14 and all of Europe beginning March 16.
- Venezuela announces a state of emergency.
- US Department of Homeland Security Secretary issues new instructions for US citizens, permanent residents, and their immediate families entering the US from Europe, Iran, and China.
- The Netherlands announces new measures prohibiting events of more than 100 people and calls on colleges and universities to offer online options.
- Belgium announces closure of schools, bars, and cafes and bans large gatherings for three weeks.
- Jamaica Prime Minister announces two-week school closure, starting March 13.
- France President announces the closing of all schools beginning March 16.
- Norway announces a sweeping national shutdown.
- Ireland Prime Minister announces schools closed until March 29.
- Australia announces a $1.6 billion health package to counter the spread of COVID-19.
- Hungary declares a state of emergency.
- US President announces a 30-day ban on travel to and from Europe’s Schengen Area.
- Italy President orders nearly all non-essential businesses closed, supermarkets and pharmacies may remain open.
- US Secretary of State calls for Iran to release Americans imprisoned in the country on humanitarian grounds amid the spread of COVID-19.
- Poland Prime Minister cancels all mass gatherings.
- Spain suspends lower house of parliament after MP tests positive for the virus.
- The Czech Republic announces a ban on all gatherings of 100 people or more and closes schools.
- Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announces two-week isolation order, requiring anyone entering Israel from abroad to self-isolate for 14 days.
- Italy announces that quarantine measures will be applied across the entire country.
- Iran announces the release of additional prisoners to combat the spread of the disease.
- Italy announces the lockdown of the entire nation.
- Italy President orders the lockdown of Lombardy, home to 10 million, and other northern provinces.
- Italy orders all schools and universities closed, all sporting events to take place without an audience.
- Iran announces the temporary release of prisoners to combat the spreading of COVID-19.
- India announces a ban on entry from nationals of Italy, Iran, China, South Korea, and Japan.
- The United Arab Emirates announces closure of schools, cancelation of large gatherings for four weeks.
- Australia announces a ban on travel from Iran.
- US President issues order banning non-citizens who have been physically present in Iran in the previous 14 days from entering the US.
- The United Arab Emirates places two hotels under quarantine to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
- Switzerland bans events of more than 1,000.
- The US requires all government health officials and scientists to coordinate their messages regarding COVID-19 with the Office of the Vice President.
- Israel Ministry of Health mandates a 14-day quarantine for anyone entering the country who has returned from Italy from February 13 onward.
- Japan Prime Minister asks all schools to close from March 2 until April.
- Afghanistan announces a state of emergency in the western province of Herat that shares a border with Iran.
- Iran closes universities and schools in 10 provinces, closes stadiums and theaters, implements daily sanitization of the metro and public transportation.
- South Korea President raises alert level to maximum, allowing governments to lockdown cities and curtail travel.
- Italy President orders small northern towns formerly under voluntary quarantine on lockdown.
- China puts Wenzhou, a city of nine million, on lockdown.
- US Department of Homeland Security Secretary issues new entry instructions for US citizens, permanent residents, and their immediate families entering the US from China, mandates 14-day quarantine for those who have been in Hubei province.
- Italy President declares a state of emergency, suspends flights to China.
- US Health and Human Services declares a public health emergency.
- US President issues order banning non-citizens who have been physically present in China in the previous 14 days from entering the US.
- China announces the lockdown of Wuhan and other cities in Hubei province, sealing off the cities to quarantine the center of an outbreak of COVID-19.
- The World Health Organization Director-General announces pause on hydroxychloroquine trial due to safety concerns.
- The World Health Organization agrees to initiate an independent investigation into how it led the global COVID-19 response effort.
- The World Health Organization releases a brief on the multisystem inflammatory syndrome observed in some children and young people with COVID-19, says there is an urgent need to better understand the syndrome.
- Leaders of public health, human rights, and development institutions issue a joint statement calling on political leaders to ensure that COVID-19 responses in prisons and crowded places preserve health and human dignity.
- The European Commission issues guidance on how EU member states can safely resume travel.
- UN Secretary-General calls on political leaders, educational institutions, and media companies to combat COVID-19 hate speech.
- The World Health Organization European office warns that Europe is still at risk as many countries begin reopening.
- The European Commission announces 3.3 billion euros in stimulus to address immediate humanitarian effects of the pandemic in the Balkans ahead of EU summit with six countries from the region.
- IMF Executive Board approves over 300 million dollars in emergency assistance for Mozambique.
- Heads of the IMF and World Trade Organization call on nations to lift trade restrictions on medical supplies.
- The World Health Organization European office publishes guidelines for gradual easing of restrictions.
- The EU coordinates and helps to finance aid to Italy and neighboring countries.
- UN warns of famines, large increase in food scarcity due to COVID-19.
- The European Commission launches COVID-19 data-sharing platform.
- European Commission President apologizes to Italy for the EU’s slow response at the beginning of the COVID-19 health crisis.
- The European Commission announces a plan for the gradual, coordinated and evidence-based lifting of containment measures in the EU.
- IMF Executive Board approves 21.3 million dollar disbursement to The Gambia to address COVID-19 pandemic.
- G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors agree to suspend debt payments for poorest countries.
- The European Council approves directing 2.7 billion euros from EU budget to support of healthcare sector, as proposed by the European Commission on April 2.
- IMF Executive Board approves debt relief for 25 countries.
- UN Secretary-General warns that COVID-19 pandemic threatens world peace.
- The World Health Organization regional director for Europe issues statement urging countries not to relax anti-COVID measures.
- The European Commission calls on member states to optimize the supply of medicines needed to treat COVID-19 patients.
- The European Commission invites all EU and Schengen member states to extend travel restrictions to May 15.
- The World Health Organization calls for investment in world’s nurses.
- UN Secretary-General calls for nations to account for safety of women and girls in their lockdown measures.
- The World Health Organization and UNICEF announce the COVID-19 Response Fund to facilitate a global response the pandemic.
- The European Commission releases guidelines for the cross-border treatment of patients in EU member countries.
- UN unanimously adopts its first resolution on the COVID-19 pandemic, urges international cooperation.
- The European Commission proposes activating emergency funds to protect healthcare systems of member states.
- European Commission President warns EU member states against allowing emergency measures to degrade democracy.
- UN Secretary-General warns that this is the world’s largest crisis since WWII, calls for immediate coordinated health response and cooperation in tackling the dire economic consequences caused by the disease.
- EU announces that it will allocate 140 million euros to address immediate needs in Eastern partner countries and 700 million euros to mitigate the economic impact of the pandemic.
- The International Olympic Committee and Japan announce decision to begin the postponed 2020 Summer Games on July 23, 2021.
- The World Health Organization releases new Operational Planning Guidelines to help countries balance the treatment of COVID-19 outbreaks with maintaining healthcare services.
- Directors-General of the World Health, Food and Agriculture and World Trade Organizations call for trade to flow as freely as possible.
- Director-General of the World Health Organization calls on G-20 leaders to unite in their fight against COVID-19.
- UN launches Global Humanitarian Response Plan that will raise funds for vulnerable countries to fight the disease.
- The International Olympic Committee together with host country Japan announces that the Summer Games will be postponed until no later than summer 2021.
- The European Commission adopts harmonized standards for medical devices to make needed equipment available faster and at a lower cost.
- UN Secretary-General appeals for immediate global ceasefire to facilitate humanitarian aid in places vulnerable to COVID-19 spread.
- The European Commission announces temporary, coordinated action among Schengen Area member states to limit all non-essential travel to the EU for the next 30 days.
- World Health Organization Director-General announces a fund in partnership with the UN Foundation and the Swiss Philanthropy Foundation to help the world’s nations respond to COVID-19.
- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres asks all staff members at headquarters in New York to work from home for the next three weeks.
- The World Health Organization recognizes COVID-19 has become a pandemic.
- The Council of the EU activates the highest-level of the Integrated Political Crisis Response mechanism.
- The World Health Organization raises the risk assessment of global spread and impact of COVID-19 to very high.
- The World Health Organization announces name for the novel coronavirus: COVID-19.
- The World Health Organization Executive Board adopts a resolution on strengthening preparedness for health emergencies.
- The World Health Organization declares a public health emergency.
- The Council of the EU triggers the first-level of the Integrated Political Crisis Response mechanism.
- EU Civil Protection mechanism activated to repatriate EU citizens from Wuhan, China.
Mapping the Spread of COVID-19
A map of US cases is available from the New York Times.
Comprehensive statistics and graphs on testing, cases and more available from Worldometer.
A tracking tool designed as a pubic service to help you know the risk in your area is available at covidcommitment.org.
Understanding the Disease
The resources below are some of the latest insights into the nature and epidemiological character of COVID-19 from the medical and scientific community.
- The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application (Stephen A. Lauer et al., Annals of Internal Medicine, 3/10/2020)
- COVID-19 — New Insights on a Rapidly Changing Epidemic (Carlos del Rio et al., JAMA Network, 2/28/2020)
- Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China (Zunyou Wu et al., JAMA Network, 2/24/2020)
Public Health Resources by Nation
Ministerio de Salud
Ministério da Saúde
Ministerio de Salud
Department of Health
Centre for Health Protection
Ministry of Health and Welfare
Department of Health
Ministero della Salute
Public Health Agency of Sweeden
Ministry of Public Health
Ministry of Health