COVID-19 Special Coverage

  • Power and Fear: Strongmen and “The Virus”
    These are difficult times. The world is unraveling around the edges. Societies are reeling under the threat of “The Virus”. Fear is spreading faster than the virus itself. People are looking to survive. Survival instincts are or could start to set in. Citizens are also looking for decisive and strong… Read more »
  • Arts Foundations Must Do More Right Now
    Everybody knows that the Coronavirus pandemic is an economic catastrophe. Small businesses are already failing and people are losing their jobs. The government can and should do everything possible to mitigate their suffering. But in at least one economic sector, there is another option. The arts sector is struggling for… Read more »
  • Illness as Unifier: “Viral” Hopes for Global Solidarity
    “Is it an end that draws near or a beginning?” – Karl Jaspers, Man in the Modern Age (1951) There are times when a grievous threat can menace friends and enemies alike. Still, in these conspicuously “bad times,” such a potent threat can also bring adversaries to once-unimagined levels of… Read more »
  • Grades Are for Cops; Get Rid of Them
    In the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, law schools face an existential crisis. After shuttering their buildings and moving their classes online, they must ask whether they can and should assign grades for the spring 2020 semester. Many have already decided to go pass/fail. And many more are sure to… Read more »
  • An Open Letter to the Legal Community on COVID-19: What are we doing?
    I have been following the course of COVID-19, more colloquially known as Coronavirus, for a few months now and I really do not understand the wide mix of responses from the American legal community. Is our response due to a lack of leadership at the top? Or the wrong leadership… Read more »


JURIST is tracking government action at the state, national, and international levels and gathering information on everything from official public health pages to key background articles on the disease. Whether it’s understanding the broad scope of change or reading about a particular issue, we want to help. If there’s something we’re missing, please send us an email or message us on Twitter.


Public Orders

US State Orders

March 27

  • New York extends school closures for an additional two weeks.
  • North Carolina governor issues stay-at-home order.

March 26

  • New Hampshire governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Montana governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Georgia governor orders all schools to stay closed until April 24.
  • Texas governor orders those arriving in Texas by air from NY, NJ, CT, or New Orleans to self-isolate for 14 days.
  • Iowa governor announces a ban on elective and non-essential medical and dental procedures.
  • Colorado governor amends stay-at-home order allowing houses of worship to continue in-person services if social distancing is practiced.
  • New York governor says hospitals can use a single ventilator to treat two patients to ease the shortage.

March 25

  • Colorado governor orders citizens to stay at home, signs additional orders to limit the spread of COVID-19 in state prisons and loosen licensing requirements for healthcare workers.
  • Idaho governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Minnesota governor orders citizens to stay at home.

March 24

  • Wisconsin governor and the state’s Department of Health Services order citizens to stay at home and nonessential businesses to close.
  • DC mayor orders non-essential businesses to close, limits gatherings from March 25 to April 24.
  • Vermont governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Mississippi governor declares most businesses essential, invalidating local bans, but limiting gatherings to 10 people until April 17.

March 23

  • Massachusetts governor orders citizens to stay at home, closes non-essential businesses from March 24 to April 7.
  • Michigan governor orders citizens to stay at home, businesses to stop non-essential in-person activities, starting March 24 and lasting at least three weeks.
  • West Virginia governor orders citizens to stay at home, closes non-essential businesses.
  • Indiana governor orders citizens to stay at home, closes non-essential businesses.
  • Virginia governor orders non-essential businesses, K-12 schools to close.
  • Washington governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Maryland orders all non-essential businesses close, prohibits retailers from increasing prices, authorizes labs in the state to develop COVID-19 testing.
  • New Jersey governor orders all elective medical procedures halted to preserve medical equipment and hospital capacity.
  • Hawaii governor orders citizens to say at home.
  • New Mexico governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Oregon governor orders citizens to stay at home.
  • Pennsylvania governor orders citizens in six counties to stay at home.

March 22

  • New York governor orders all elective, non-critical surgeries to be canceled.
  • New Jersey governor announces that state departments will work to provide all residents with access to telemedicine and tele-mental health services during the pandemic.
  • Ohio governor and Ohio Department of Health Director order citizens to stay home, close non-essential businesses.
  • Louisiana governor orders citizens to stay home, closes non-essential businesses.
  • Delaware governor orders citizens to stay home, orders non-essential businesses to close, starting March 24 and lasting until May 15.
  • Kentucky governor orders non-essential businesses to close.

March 21

  • New Jersey governor orders citizens to stay at home unless engaged in essential activities.
  • New Hampshire governor orders all grocery and retail stores to temporarily transition to single-use paper or plastic bags because of the risk posed by reusable bags.

March 20

  • California governor orders residents of the state to indefinitely stay home except for essential jobs and activities.
  • New York governor orders all non-essential workers to stay at home.
  • Pennsylvania governor orders closure of all businesses that are not life-sustaining.
  • Illinois governor orders all citizens of the state to stay in their homes except for essential purposes.
  • Connecticut governor orders citizens to stay at home unless engaged in essential activities.

March 19

  • Washington governor orders all elective surgeries and dental services stopped to preserve protective equipment for COVID-19 healthcare workers.
  • Connecticut governor orders state primary moved to June 2, closes courts to non-critical court operations, and restricts operations of non-essential businesses.
  • New Jersey governor announces moratorium on evictions and foreclosures, announces changes to upcoming elections.

March 18

  • Washington governor announces moratorium on evictions, suspends penalties related to tax collection, suspends waiting periods for unemployment benefits, and eases restrictions on commercial drivers, all to be effective immediately until midnight on April 17.
  • California governor orders all state assessment testing canceled for the academic year 2019-2020, and authorizes emergency funding and eases restrictions on local governments to protect homeless citizens from COVID-19.

March 17

  • Washington governor announces additional restrictions on visitors to longterm care facilities.
  • California governor eases restrictions on commercial drivers supporting emergency relief work.
  • Massachusetts issues four emergency orders relaxing licensing requirements to address healthcare professional shortage.
  • Nevada governor announces closure of non-essential businesses, 6-foot social distancing rule.

March 16

  • Governors of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut announce coordinated state action in the absence of stronger federal action. The three states will ban all gatherings of 50+ people and close all casinos, gyms, theaters, bars, and restaurants until further notice effective at 8 PM tonight.
  • New Jersey enacts curfew starting today, closes non-essential businesses, closes schools starting Wednesday.
  • Rhode Island limits gatherings to 25 people.
  • Maryland governor announces closure of bars and restaurants, orders the state’s Department of Health to add 6,000 hospital beds, suspends medical licensing requirements, calls up 1000 National Guard soldiers.
  • Washington governor announces immediate two-week closure of all restaurants, bars, recreational and entertainment facilities, amends ban on gatherings so that gatherings of 50+ people are now prohibited, issues state-wide restrictions on visitors at longterm care facilities.
  • California governor authorizes local governments to halt evictions, slow foreclosures, and protect against utility shut-offs.
  • New Hampshire governor bans gatherings of 50+ people and onsite consumption of food and beverages.

March 15

  • Maryland governor issues emergency order closing all casinos and racetracks.

March 14

  • Maryland governor enacts emergency order to expand childcare for critical personnel during state of emergency.

March 13

  • New Hampshire declares a state of emergency, closes state’s schools.
  • Washington governor announces state-wide closure of all K-12 schools, orders colleges, universities and apprenticeship program to cease in-person instruction, extends ban on large gatherings to the entire state, and applies rules on nursing homes to all adult family homes.
  • California governor guarantees funding for schools even in the event of closure.
  • Texas governor declares a state of disaster.
  • West Virginia announces the closure of schools.

March 12

  • Maryland announces two-week closure of all schools
  • Kentucky announces closure of all schools for two weeks
  • Washington governor announces schools in Snohomish, King and Pierce Counties will be closed until April 24.
  • New Mexico announces closure of schools for three weeks.
  • California orders citizens to follow public health directives, waives waiting period for unemployment insurance, extends filing deadline for state taxes, readies state to commandeer property for healthcare purposes, and allows legislative bodies to hold meetings by teleconference.
  • Connecticut governor announces a ban on gatherings of 250+ people.

March 11

  • Washington governor announces a ban on gatherings of 250+ people in the state’s hardest-hit counties.
  • California announces policy suggesting events of 250+ people should be canceled or rescheduled.

March 10

  • Massachusetts governor declares a state of emergency after cases double in the state.
  • North Carolina governor declares a state of emergency, explaining that “increased flexibility to respond and prevent as well as to allocate funds where needed” would be necessary to fight the spreading virus. 
  • New York governor announces containment zone north of New York City as cases balloon.
  • Washington governor announces new rules about visitors, testing, and precautionary measures at nursing homes.

March 9

  • New Jersey governor declares a state of emergency.

March 7

  • New York governor declares a state of emergency.

March 6

  • Maryland governor directs insurers in the state to waive the costs of testing.

March 5

  • Maryland governor declares a state of emergency.

March 4

  • California governor declares a state of emergency.

March 3

  • New York governor orders health insurers to waive the cost of testing.

February 29

  • Washington governor declares a state of emergency.

February 3

  • New Jersey governor signs order establishing a COVID-19 task force.

National Orders

March 28

  • Russia begins a week-long paid holiday to contain the spread of COVID-19, citizens encouraged to stay home, essential industries to continue work.
  • China partly reopens the city of Wuhan, people may enter but not leave.

March 27

  • US President compels General Motors to produce ventilators, invoking the Defense Production Act.
  • France extends nationwide lockdown until April 15.
  • Ireland announces a two-week lockdown, people may leave their homes to shop for essentials or exercise.

March 26

  • China bans entry of foreign nationals, including those with visas and residence permits, amid rise of travel-related cases of COVID-19.
  • Nigeria President announces closure of international airports and land borders, suspends train service, the lockdown of ports, and release of special funds to combat spread of virus.
  • Zimbabwe announces that citizens can use foreign currencies to make buying local goods and services easier during the pandemic.

March 25

  • New Zealand declares a state of emergency, month-long lockdown to begin at midnight.
  • Singapore announces closure of bars, restaurants, and entertainment venues, lasting from March 26 to April 30.
  • Malaysia Prime Minister extends the nation’s movement control order for two weeks.
  • Russia President delays vote on constitutional changes, citing COVID-19 concerns.
  • Thailand Prime Minister declares a state of emergency, bans entry of foreigners.
  • US President declares major disaster in Texas, opens up new federal funding for the state.
  • Kenya President announces reduction in government salaries, nationwide curfew to help combat virus spread.
  • Uganda President announces 14-day freeze of public transportation to combat virus spread.
  • Ethiopia President announces pardon of thousands of prisoners to combat virus spread.

March 24

  • Japan Prime Minister together with the International Olympic Committee postpones the Summer Olympic Games.
  • India Prime Minister orders nationwide lockdown for three weeks beginning March 25.
  • Australia limits guests at weddings to 5, at funerals to 10, closes more non-essential businesses.
  • Congo President declares a state of emergency, closes borders to non-essential traffic, places quarantine zone around the capital city, Kinshasa.

March 23

  • UK Prime Minister tells citizens to stay at home, immediately closes all shops, stops all social events, and bans gatherings of more than two people in public.
  • After India Prime Minister calls on state governments for help, 30 Indian states announce lockdown.
  • South Africa President announces 21-day lockdown, beginning March 26.
  • Senegal announces a state of emergency enacts travel ban.
  • Ivory Coast announces a state of emergency enacts travel ban.

March 22

  • Germany bans public gatherings of more than two people, families and people living together are exempt.
  • China announces that, after two months of lockdown in Wuhan, cleared individuals will begin returning to work and that public transportation will gradually resume.
  • India Prime Minister announces a 14-hour test curfew.
  • Australia Prime Minister announces closing of bars, restaurants, gyms, places of worship and other non-essential places of congregation.
  • US President directs the Federal Emergency Management Agency to fully fund all relief activities undertaken by Washington’s, California’s, and New York’s National Guard units.

March 21

  • Italy President orders all non-essential production to stop.

March 20

  • US President announces closing of US-Mexico border to non-essential traffic.
  • US President announces that states may waive federally required student assessment testing.
  • US Treasury Secretary announces the federal tax-filing deadline will be delayed from April 15 to July 15.
  • UK Prime Minister tells bars, restaurants, gyms, and theaters to close.
  • The Dominican Republic closes its borders.
  • Italy announces tighter restrictions on movement, parks and public spaces closed, that exercise must be done individually and in close proximity to one’s home.

March 19

  • Argentina President announces lockdown, barring citizens from leaving their homes except for essential purposes, to be enforced by soldiers beginning Friday and lasting until March 31.
  • Italy deploys army to city of Bergamo.

March 18

  • US and Canada announce temporary restrictions on all non-essential travel at their shared border.
  • US President invokes the Defense Production Act of 1950 to increase the production of masks and protective equipment.
  • US Federal Housing Authority places a temporary moratorium on foreclosures and evictions.
  • Australia raises travel warnings to level-four “do not travel” warning for those wishing to go overseas.
  • India bans entry of Indians traveling from the EU, UK, and Turkey.
  • The UK will close all schools starting Friday until further notice.

March 17

  • Belgium announces a nation-wide lockdown from March 18 to April 5, prohibiting gatherings and limiting outings to essential activities, such as trips to supermarkets, pharmacies, and banks.

March 16

  • France imposes nation-wide lockdown for 15 days, requiring citizens to justify their movements to authorities and imposing fines for unapproved activities.
  • Canada Prime Minister closes borders to non-permanent residents and non-citizens; US citizens are exempted from the travel ban.
  • Venezuela announces quarantine for six of its states.
  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends no gatherings of more than 10.
  • Malaysia Prime Minister announces lockdown to go into effect Wednesday and to last for 30 days.
  • Columbia President announces closing of the nation’s borders through the end of the month.
  • US Department of Homeland Security Secretary issues new instructions for US citizens, permanent residents, and their immediate families entering the US from the UK, Ireland, Schengen Area countries, Iran, and China.
  • Hungary Prime Minister announces that the nation’s borders will be closed, as will most commercial establishments.

March 15

  • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends no gatherings of more than 50 people for the next 8 weeks.
  • Australia announces a 14-day mandatory isolation period for international travelers coming into the country.
  • Slovakia announces a state of emergency, closes non-essential stores, cancels all but necessary surgeries.
  • South Africa declares a national state of disaster and bans foreign nationals of high-risk countries from entering the nation.

March 14

  • The US extends travel ban to UK and Ireland.
  • Bangladesh announces a ban on travelers from Europe and a handful of other nations, including India, that will go into effect on Monday and last for 16 days.

March 13

  • Spain Prime Minister declares a 15-day state of emergency.
  • Czech Prime Minister announces a ban on travel in and out of the Czech Republic starting March 16.
  • Pakistan announces all land borders will be closed for two weeks, schools closed for three weeks, and flights decreased.
  • Ukraine announces that it will close its borders for two weeks.
  • Oman cancels tourists visas, sporting events, and prohibits guests from entering courtrooms, cruise ships from entering ports, and the smoking of shisha for 30 days.
  • Moldova cancels flights from France and Spain beginning March 14 and all of Europe beginning March 16.
  • Venezuela announces a state of emergency.
  • US Department of Homeland Security Secretary issues new instructions for US citizens, permanent residents, and their immediate families entering the US from Europe, Iran, and China.

March 12

  • The Netherlands announces new measures prohibiting events of more than 100 people and calls on colleges and universities to offer online options.
  • Belgium announces closure of schools, bars, and cafes and bans large gatherings for three weeks.
  • Jamaica Prime Minister announces two-week school closure, starting March 13.
  • France President announces the closing of all schools beginning March 16.
  • Norway announces a sweeping national shutdown.
  • Ireland Prime Minister announces schools closed until March 29.

March 11

  • Australia announces a $1.6 billion health package to counter the spread of COVID-19.
  • Hungary declares a state of emergency.
  • US President announces a 30-day ban on travel to and from Europe’s Schengen Area.
  • Italy President orders nearly all non-essential businesses closed, supermarkets and pharmacies may remain open.

March 10

  • US Secretary of State calls for Iran to release Americans imprisoned in the country on humanitarian grounds amid the spread of COVID-19.
  • Poland Prime Minister cancels all mass gatherings.
  • Spain suspends lower house of parliament after MP tests positive for the virus.
  • The Czech Republic announces a ban on all gatherings of 100 people or more and closes schools.

March 9

  • Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announces two-week isolation order, requiring anyone entering Israel from abroad to self-isolate for 14 days.
  • Italy announces that quarantine measures will be applied across the entire country.
  • Iran announces the release of additional prisoners to combat the spread of the disease.
  • Italy announces the lockdown of the entire nation.

March 8

  • Italy President orders the lockdown of Lombardy, home to 10 million, and other northern provinces.

March 4

  • Italy orders all schools and universities closed, all sporting events to take place without an audience.

March 3

  • Iran announces the temporary release of prisoners to combat the spreading of COVID-19.
  • India announces a ban on entry from nationals of Italy, Iran, China, South Korea, and Japan.
  • The United Arab Emirates announces closure of schools, cancelation of large gatherings for four weeks.

March 1

  • Australia announces a ban on travel from Iran.

February 29

  • US President issues order banning non-citizens who have been physically present in Iran in the previous 14 days from entering the US.

February 28

  • The United Arab Emirates places two hotels under quarantine to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
  • Switzerland bans events of more than 1,000.

February 27

  • The US requires all government health officials and scientists to coordinate their messages regarding COVID-19 with the Office of the Vice President.
  • Israel Ministry of Health mandates a 14-day quarantine for anyone entering the country who has returned from Italy from February 13 onward.
  • Japan Prime Minister asks all schools to close from March 2 until April.

February 24

  • Afghanistan announces a state of emergency in the western province of Herat that shares a border with Iran.
  • Iran closes universities and schools in 10 provinces, closes stadiums and theaters, implements daily sanitization of the metro and public transportation.

February 23

  • South Korea President raises alert level to maximum, allowing governments to lockdown cities and curtail travel.
  • Italy President orders small northern towns formerly under voluntary quarantine on lockdown.

February 2

  • China puts Wenzhou, a city of nine million, on lockdown.
  • US Department of Homeland Security Secretary issues new entry instructions for US citizens, permanent residents, and their immediate families entering the US from China, mandates 14-day quarantine for those who have been in Hubei province.

January 31

  • Italy President declares a state of emergency, suspends flights to China.
  • US Health and Human Services declares a public health emergency.
  • US President issues order banning non-citizens who have been physically present in China in the previous 14 days from entering the US.

January 23

  • China announces the lockdown of Wuhan and other cities in Hubei province, sealing off the cities to quarantine the center of an outbreak of COVID-19.

Multinational Orders

March 24

  • The International Olympic Committee together with host country Japan announces that the Summer Games will be postponed until no later than summer 2021.

March 17

  • The European Commission announces temporary, coordinated action among Schengen Area member states to limit all non-essential travel to the EU for the next 30 days.

March 13

  • World Health Organization Director-General announces a fund in partnership with the UN Foundation and the Swiss Philanthropy Foundation to help the world’s nations respond to COVID-19.
  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres asks all staff members at headquarters in New York to work from home for the next three weeks.

March 11

  • The World Health Organization recognizes COVID-19 has become a pandemic.

March 2

  • The Council of the EU activates the highest-level of the Integrated Political Crisis Response mechanism.

February 28

  • The World Health Organization raises risk assessment of global spread and impact of COVID-19 to very high.

February 8

  • The World Health Organization Executive Board adopts a resolution on strengthening preparedness for health emergencies.

January 30

  • The World Health Organization declares a public health emergency.

January 28

  • The Council of the EU triggers the first-level of the Integrated Political Crisis Response mechanism.
  • EU Civil Protection mechanism activated to repatriate EU citizens from Wuhan, China.


More Information

Mapping the Spread of COVID-19

Global maps are available from the World Health Organization and Johns Hopkins.

A map of US cases is available from the New York Times.

Comprehensive statistics and graphs on testing, cases and more available from Worldometer.

Understanding the Disease

The resources below are some of the latest insights into the nature and epidemiological character of COVID-19 from the medical and scientific community.

Public Health Resources by Nation


World Health Organization


Infectious Disease Society of America
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
American Public Health Association

Ministerio de Salud

Ministério da Saúde

Public Health Agency of Canada
Canada Public Health Association

Ministerio de Salud

Secretaría de Salud
Dirección General de Epidemiología


South Africa
Department of Health


National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China

Hong Kong
Centre for Health Protection

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

Ministry of Health, Labor & Welfare

South Korea
Ministry of Health and Welfare


Department of Health


European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
European Commission Public Health

Ministère des Solidaritès et de la Santé

Ministero della Salute

Ministerio de Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social

Public Health Agency of Sweeden

Department of Health and Social Care
Public Health England

Middle East

Ministry of Public Health

Saudi Arabia
Ministry of Health

United Arab Emirates
Ministry of Health and Prevention
Dubai Health Authority