S 1436, State of California, signed into law September 28, 2004. Excerpt: It is the intent of the Legislature that this act protect California consumers from the use of spyware and malware that is deceptively or surreptitiously installed on their computers. Because the threats posed by these practices change over time, it is the intent [...]

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US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, September 28, 2004 . Read the opinion here . Excerpt: We deal here with a novel First Amendment claim. The appellants, three tobacco companies, claim that California violated their First Amendment rights by imposing a surtax on cigarettes and then using some of the proceeds of that [...]

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ACLU of Ohio v. Taft, US Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, decided September 27, 2004 . Read the opinion here. Excerpt: We conclude that Article I, section 2, clause 4 imposed a mandatory duty upon Governor Taft to hold a special election to fill the vacancy in the District created by the expulsion of Traficant. [...]

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Access Now v. Southwest Airlines, US Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, decided September 24, 2004. Read the opinion here . Excerpt: In declining to evaluate the merits of this case, we are in no way unmindful that the legal questions raised are significant. The Internet is transforming our economy and culture, and the question whether [...]

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