The Palestinian Ministry of Health reported on Tuesday that at least 2,778 Palestinians have been killed and another 9,938 injured since the war between Israel and Hamas began on October 7. The ministry also stated that around 1,200 individuals remain missing beneath the rubble of collapsed buildings in Gaza and that 500 children have been reported missing.
The conflict has drawn international attention, with a UN independent commission raising concerns of possible war crimes committed by both Hamas and Israeli forces. The same commission released another report on the conflict on Monday, noting that “[c]ivilians are the primary victims of increased violence in Israel and Occupied Palestinian Territory.”
The Monday report found that Hamas strikes into Israeli territory have been indiscriminate, resulting in a large loss of civilian life and structures. At the same time, the report noted that Israel’s attacks on Gaza—following the October 7 attack by Hamas—have not been proportional to their military advantage over Hamas. The report also drew attention to Israel’s decision to restrict food and medical supplies from entering Gaza, calling it “a violation of international humanitarian law.”
As a result of the evidence the commission has gathered indicating potential war crimes in the war so far, the commission recommended the International Criminal Court (ICC) initiate an investigation—a call echoed by Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Sunday.
Gaza is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, as it is home to approximately 1.1 million residents. As of Monday, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) reported that the war has displaced an estimated one million people from the Gaza Strip. In addition to the figures reported by the Palestinian Ministry of Health on Tuesday, Israeli officials also reported that as many as 1,300 people have been killed and another 4,121 injured. Because of how rapidly the situation is evolving, these figures are constantly subject to change.