A report published Monday by the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and the UN Human Rights Office reveals that at least 53 migrants and refugees were killed in the July 2019 airstrikes in Libya.
Those killed were reportedly citizens of Algeria, Chad, Bangladesh, Morocco, Niger and Tunisia. It also reported 87 injured male migrants and refugees. Some migrants and refugees interviewed by UNSMIL showed signs of trauma and anxiety, and some confirmed they feared reprisals.
The July 2, 2019, airstrikes were conducted by aircraft belonging to a foreign state that might be under the command of the Libyan National Army (LNA) or were operated under the command of that foreign State in support of the LNA. The report found that in addition to the non-international armed conflict, a parallel situation of international armed conflict may also exist between third states supporting the LNA and the Government of National Accord. Under the current legal framework, Libya and non-state actors must respect international humanitarian law, international human rights law and international criminal law.
The report urged Libyan authorities to investigate certain shootings, close all migration detention centers, ensuring that released migrants and refugees promptly receive protection and assistance, and give urgent priority to closing detention centers located on or next to compounds controlled by parties to the conflict.