The Ohio State House of Representatives on Friday introduced HB 413 that, if passed, would severely restrict abortion care and require unproven medical practices.
HB 413 would outlaw abortion in almost all circumstances. A physician would be allowed to perform an abortion only if they:
(A) Using reasonable medical judgment, believe it is highly probable that the pregnant woman will die from a certain fatal condition before her unborn child is viable;
(B) Perform a surgery, before the unborn child is viable, for the sole purpose of treating the pregnant woman’s fatal condition;
(C) Take all possible steps to preserve the life of the unborn child, while preserving the life of the woman. Such steps include, if applicable, attempting to reimplant an ectopic pregnancy into the woman’s uterus.
The bill requires, among “all possible steps,” a physician to attempt to reimplant an ectopic pregnancy into a woman’s uterus, a procedure that is not medically possible.
Additionally, there are no exceptions for rape or incest in the bill, nor would a woman be allowed to seek out an abortion for any mental health condition she might have, or for any disease or injury caused by the pregnancy itself.
The bill creates two felonies, abortion murder and aggravated abortion murder, which could be charged against a woman receiving an abortion or against anyone performing an abortion, except under the above excepted circumstances. If convicted, a person would be subject to heavy punishment, including the possibility of the death penalty.
The bill has been referred to the criminal justice committee.