The US Supreme Court heard oral arguments in two cases Monday.
In the first case, Fort Bend County, Texas v. Lois M. Davis, the court must determine whether Davis can pursue her claim for religious discrimination in court before first pursuing it through the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Fort Bend argues that Davis had failed to exhaust her administrative remedies on the religious discrimination claim, as required by Title VII. Davis, who is supported by Solicitor General Noel Francisco, argues that “Title VII’s charge-filing requirement is not a jurisdictional prerequisite under this Court’s precedent.”
In the second case, Food Marketing Institute v. Argus Leader Media, d/b/a Argus Media, Food Marketing Institute asks whether the statutory term “confidential” in the Freedom of Information Act Exemption 4, bears its ordinary meaning. Or, if it does not, what constitutes “substantial competitive harm” for the purpose of determining whether information falls within the Freedom of Information Act Exemption 4. These answers will determine whether the government can hide where Food Stamp money goes.