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World Legal News Round Up for Saturday,  3 February 2018
World Legal News Round Up for Saturday, 3 February 2018

Here’s the international legal news we covered this week:

[JURIST] The UN expressed concern [report] Thursday about human rights abuses in Mali despite the Malian government signing a peace agreement [text, PDF] in 2015 with several armed groups.
The International Court of Justice [official website] on Friday ordered [judgment, PDF] Nicaragua to pay Costa Rica nearly USD $380,000 for environmental damage to a protected wetland in the border area near the San Juan River.
[JURIST] Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] reported [HRW report] Thursday that numerous armed groups, some linked to the self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (LNA), are preventing thousands of internally displaced individuals from returning home.
The UN Security Council [official website] said in a statement [press release] Wednesday that they are in support of reviewing and adjusting priorities in its Darfur Peacekeeping Operation, underlining the need for sustainable solutions for more than 2.7 million people displaced within the region.

The 15-member organ, headed by Kairat Umarov (of Kazakhstan), Council President for January, called for enhanced cooperation between the government of Sudan and the international community in search of “dignified and durable solutions” for such displaced, and expressed its support for a review that would consider a new mission concept for the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) [official website].

The council said that six years after the adoption of Doha Document for Peace in Darfur [text, PDF], the people of Darfur had yet to fully benefit from it.

An Istanbul court on Thursday ordered the rearrest of Taner Kılıç, the chairman of the Turkish Chapter of Amnesty International [advocacy website], hours after he was released [JURIST report].
The US Department of Homeland Security [official website] on Wednesday extended [statement] Temporary Protective Status (TPS) for certain Syrian immigrants.
Poland’s Senate [official website, in Polish] approved a legislation [text, PDF, in Polish] Thursday criminalizing speeches against the national government that suggest the country was responsible for the Holocaust.

The legislation, titled “Act on the Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation,” effectively imposes a three-year prison sentence for statements that “publicly and against the facts ascribe responsibility or co-responsibility for the crimes perpetrated by the Third German Reich to the Polish nation or the Polish state.”

The bill does not distinguish between intentional and unintentional statements in this regard, and goes further in criminalizing statements that blame Poland for any “crimes against peace, humanity or war crimes” or for suggesting that the nation “grossly reduces liability” for the perpetrators of such crimes.

Two British lawyers released a report [text, PDF] on Wednesday detailing Saudi Arabia’s recent human rights violations and demanding the country’s membership in the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) [official website] be suspended for violating international law.
A court in Istanbul released the chairman [AI report] of Amnesty International Turkey’s, Taner Kılıç, Amnesty International said Wednesday.
The UN human rights office issued an update Wednesday of its report [text, PDF] on the human rights situation in Palestine.

The report implements the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.

US President Donald Trump [official profile] signed an executive order [text] Tuesday to continue operations at the Guantánamo Bay detention center.
[JURIST] An unnamed woman in her 60s filed a lawsuit [Kyodo report] against the Japanese government Tuesday seeking 11 million yen (approximately USD $101,000) in damages for her forced sterilization at the age of 150because of her intellectual disability under a now-repealed eugenics law.
France’s highest administrative court on Monday reversed [decision, in French] the ban on breeding killer whales and dolphins in captivity.
Twenty-five children and young citizens of Colombia between the ages of seven and 26 on Monday filed the first ever climate change litigation [lawsuit, PDF, in Spanish] in Latin America.
The UK Court of Appeal on Tuesday invalidated [judgment, PDF] mass surveillance as part of legislation that was passed in 2016.
Ireland’s Taoiseach Leo Varadkar [official website] on Monday announced [statement] his Cabinet’s approval to hold a referendum on abortion in late May or early June stating the exact date will become clear after a debate and vote in the Dáil and Seanad of the Oireachtas [official website].
Human rights lawyer Yu Wensheng was reportedly charged [HKFP report] Saturday with “inciting subversion of state officials” after writing a letter calling for reform to China’s constitution.
[JURIST] Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] urged [press release] the Sudanese government on Monday to immediately release peaceful protesters from detention or grant them full due process.
[JURIST] Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] criticized [press release] the government of Sri Lanka on Monday for not repealing its “Draconian” counterterrorism law.
A UK judge ruled [judgment, PDF] Monday that life sustaining medical treatment is not in the best interest of a severely disabled 11-month-old boy and that doctors could withdraw his life support without the consent of his parents.
The Federal Court of Malaysia [official website] on Monday unanimously voided [Malaysian Insight report] the unilateral conversion of three children to Islam without their mother’s consent, requiring the consent of both parents to change a minor’s religion.

The decision ends a near decade-long legal battle in which a father converted three children to Islam, a few weeks after he had done so himself, and without their mother’s consent in March 2009.