[JURIST] Approximately six million Rwandans on Saturday approved a referendum [Al Jazeera report] by a vote of 98% to amend Article 101 of the Rwanda constitution [text] which states the president may only serve two seven-year terms. The referendum [Telegraph report] will allow President Paul Kagame [offiical profile] to serve another seven-year term beginning in 2017 and then two more five-year terms. Kagame has served as president since 2003.
Last month, the Rwandan Senate unanimously approved the referendum following approval from Rwanda’s lower house of Parliament [JURIST reports] in October. Also in October, Rwanda’s Supreme Court agreed to hear a case challenging the constitutionality of the referendum [JURIST report]. A constitutional amendment to extend the presidential term limit is not uncommon with neighboring African countries such as the Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Countries providing international aid to Rwanda expressed concern regarding the referendum, which could extend Kagame’s term to 2034. The director of the Royal African Society [official website], Britain’s prime African organization, stated “The longer somebody stays in power, the less effective they are and breaking the rule of law and the constitution weakens the state.” In September, the Constitutional Reform Commission of the US Department of State [official website] issued a press release stating [press release] “We do not support those in positions of power changing constitutions solely for their political self-interest.”