Officials from South Korea’s National Intelligence Service [official website] said on Thursday that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un [BBC profile] has unleashed a “reign of terror” in North Korea by executing more than 90 officials since taking power in 2011. This number of executions [Korea Herald report] has far surpassed the amount of executions by his late father, Kim Jong II, who executed about 10 officials during his first few years of power. Details about how this information was obtained by South Korean officials is still unknown. In April, Kim Jong-un ordered the execution [JURIST report] of fifteen state officials. Those officials were allegedly executed by firing squad [BBC report] for spying. North Korea has not confirmed these executions, but Kim has been known to “purge” his opponents before.
In 2013 Kim Jong-un put his uncle, Chang Song-thaek [BBC profile], to death along with several officials close to him. In November UN Special Rapporteur on the situation in the People’s Republic of Korea Marzuki Darusman said that there is enough evidence to hold North Korean leader Kim responsible for “massive” human rights atrocities [JURIST report] committed in the country. Also in November the UN General Assembly urged [JURIST report] the Security Council to call on the International Criminal Court [official website] to investigate the crimes. The UN Human Rights Council [official website] adopted a resolution [JURIST report] last March urging the UN Security Council to take action against those responsible for documented crimes against humanity in North Korea. Last February then-UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay stated that there can no longer be any excuses for inaction [JURIST report] in North Korea following the release of a UN report.