[JURIST] It was reported Monday that the US will retain control of non-Afghan detainees [The Times report] at Parwan Detention Center at Bagram Air Base [official website; JURIST news archive] in Afghanistan, despite plans to transfer control of the facility to the Afghan government in two months. Under the terms of the agreement with Kabul [JURIST report], the Afghan government is to assume control of all prisons in the country, including the Bagram facility. The US, however, will retain control over about 50 non-Afghan detainees in a separate US-run section of the compound, with US officials claiming the agreement does not cover foreign nationals. The detainees apparently will be held without access to legal assistance or prospect of release. Such quarantining of prisoners and officials’ attempts to distinguish between “prison” and “detention facility” have reportedly led many commentators and human rights activists to condemn the deal, questioning its legitimacy. The Bagram facility has widely become known as “the other Guantanamo” since its opening [JURIST report] in 2009.
In 2010 the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) [official website] confirmed the existence of a secret US detention facility at Bagram, after nine Afghan witnesses claimed that they were at Bagram. The witnesses say that they were allegedly captured by American forces and taken to a secret US prison at Bagram where they were held, interrogated and tortured [JURIST report], then later transported to the official detention facility in Parwan. A month earlier the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) [advocacy website] filed habeas corpus petitions [JURIST report] on behalf of four detainees held at Bagram, claiming that none of the men had engaged in hostile behavior directed at the US, nor were they members of groups that purport to do so. In January of that year the US Department of Defense released a list of names of 645 prisoners detained at Bagram in response to a Freedom Of Information Act lawsuit [JURIST reports] filed by the ACLU in September 2009. Prisoners at Bagram have launched previous habeas corpus challenges [JURIST report] in US courts but have been less successful than those held at Guantanamo Bay [JURIST backgrounder].