Legal Developments Explored In-Depth

Australian First Nations group the Gomeroi people are preparing to file their native title appeal against the Santos Narrabri Gas Project, a multi-billion-dollar project aiming to build up to 850 gas wells in the state of New South Wales. The National Native Title Tribunal ruled in December that the public benefit of the project outweighed [...]

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© Brussels Press Club TV

The Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (AIBA) was established under Afghanistan’s 2007 Advocates Law. Prior to the establishment of the AIBA, legal practice in Afghanistan was administered by the Ministry of Justice (MoJ). The AIBA was established in compliance with international standards and the legal profession’s principles. For instance, the establishment of the AIBA itself was [...]

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Many experts believe that corruption in Ukraine has a systemic nature and negatively affects the internal and external processes of the country’s development and, as a result, its position in the geopolitical environment. Since gaining independence, Ukraine has created various mechanisms to prevent corruption. Calls for the need to use lustration as one of the [...]

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Aleksandr Zykov, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The unconstitutional state of affairs doctrine, having its roots in a 1998 judgement of the Colombian Constitutional Court (CCC), has gained immense popularity due to the systemic, policy-based, manifestly illegal acts of executive branches of governments worldwide. Calls for recognizing the existence of an unconstitutional state of affairs have persistently been made in the Latin [...]

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Water scarcity is a growing problem. It can be demand-driven, typically caused by population growth, and supply-driven, typically caused by decreasing amounts of fresh water often resulting from climate change or a result of societal factors such as poverty. If it is allowed to reach dangerous levels, water scarcity has the potential to trigger conflicts. [...]

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The most important consequence of the protests in Iran for the Iranian diaspora, a diaspora that has been largely unorganized and passive until now, is the opening of a new arena for it in socio-political life as part of Iranian society, even if it has not yet found its appropriate representation and organizational structures. The [...]

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12019 / Pixabay

The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA) was established under the 2004 Constitution, which defined the powers and functions of the executive, judiciary, and legislative branches. Under it, the president was constitutionally considered the head of state with authority in the three branches mentioned above. As the head of state, the president had [...]

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© Robert Smith

Nepal is a least developed, land-locked Himalayan country wedged between India and China. After a long period of instability, it adopted a new constitution in 2015, creating a multi-party federal republic. Previously Nepal had been a unitary state, albeit with a long period of political instability and insurgency. The first election under the Constitution was [...]

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January 6th Select Committee

On December 22, 2022, the US House Select Committee to Investigate the January 6th Attack on the United States Capitol released its 845-page Final Report. The Report described events leading up to, during, and in the aftermath of the January 6, 2021, Capitol riot. It also set out information about the individuals who were involved [...]

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CCTV footage of abuse in Thai Police Station via Wikimedia Commons

Recently, Thailand passed an important human rights law following significant pressure from many parties including NGOs, victims of torture, relatives of the dead and missing, and investigative journalists. On 24 October 2022, the King signed into law the Prevention and Suppression of Torture and Enforced Disappearances Act which Parliament enacted on 26 August 2022. This [...]

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