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On February 14, 2012, then-Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett signed Act 13 into law. It amended Title 58 of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes to include a fee for individuals or corporations extracting natural gas from geologic formations such as Marcellus...

The development of natural gas in Pennsylvania gave rise to several legal issues. The Pennsylvania legislature passed Act 13 with hopes that it would resolve disputes over local control of the industry, and how the Commonwealth would tax the industry....

In January 2015, the US Supreme Court granted certiorari in Obergefell v. Hodges, a case from the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit which upheld state bans on same-sex marriages. The Sixth Circuit's opinion created a circuit split....

In the wake of Windsor, there has been a series of challenges to various states' statutory and constitutional bans on same-sex marriage. When Windsor was decided, same-sex marriage had been legalized in only 12 states and the District of Columbia....

The debate over the legalization of same-sex marriage was long one of the most polarizing issues facing the American legal community. Several major cases shaped the course of the debate over the past 40 years. Loving v. Virginia...

In the wake of US v. Windsor, federal courts across the US confronted the issue of whether individual state bans on same-sex marriage violated the US Constitution. A circuit split emerged after the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth...

After Fidel Castro's authoritarian regime took control of Cuba in 1959, the US responded in 1960 by imposing a trade embargo - a prohibition against commercial, financial and economic dealings with Cuba enforced over time by a minimum of six...

The US launched its embargo against Cuba in retaliation to Fidel Castro's declared allegiance to the Soviet Union. The embargo, though undergoing various transformations after its inception, remained official US policy until December 2014 when the Obama administration announced policy...

Following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, in which revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro overthrew General Fulgencio Batista's government, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower quickly recognized Cuba's new national government. Relations between the two nations soon soured, however, as a result...

On December 17, 2014, US President Barack Obama announced a shift in US policy towards Cuba. Obama stated that the US would reestablish diplomatic ties with Cuba. This diplomatic move represented a dramatic shift in decades of US policy towards...