URUGUAY
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map courtesy CIA World Factbook; click for enlargement Constitution, Government & Legislation

Uruguay's 1967 constitution institutionalizes a strong presidency, subject to legislative and judicial checks. The president's term is 5 years. Twelve cabinet ministers, appointed by the president, head executive departments. The Constitution also provides for a bicameral General Assembly responsible for enacting laws and regulating the administration of justice. The General Assembly consists of a 30-member Senate, presided over by the vice president of the republic, and a 99-member Chamber of Deputies.

Source: U.S. Department of State

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Courts & Judgments

The highest court in Uruguay is the Supreme Court; below it are appellate and lower courts and justices of the peace. In addition, there are electoral and administrative ("contentious") courts, an accounts court, and a military judicial system.

Source: U.S. Department of State

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