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CIA World Factbook; click for enlargement Constitution, Government & Legislation

Macedonia, which became independent in 1991 following the breakup of Yugoslavia, is a parliamentary democracy led by a coalition government. It has a popularly elected president.

T he population of 2.2 million is composed of a variety of national and ethnic groups, mainly Macedonians, Albanians, Turks, Roma, Serbs, and Vlachs. All citizens are equal under the law. The Constitution provides for the protection of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic, and religious identity of minorities, including state support for education in minority languages through secondary school and the official use of ethnic minority languages in areas where ethnic minorities make up a majority of the population.

Ethnic tensions and prejudices are present in society. The Government is committed to a policy of peaceful integration of all ethnic groups into society but faces political resistance and continued popular prejudices regarding the means to achieve this goal (hiring quotas, affirmative action in school admissions, education in minority languages, etc.).

Representatives of the ethnic Albanian community, by far the largest minority group with 23 percent of the population according to government statistics, are the most vocal in charging discrimination. The underrepresentation of ethnic Albanians in the military and police is a major grievance in the community.

Source: U.S. Department of State

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Courts and Judgments

The 1996 Law on Courts divided Macedonian Courts into 27 Courts of Original Jurisdiction, 3 Appellate and one Supreme Court, with a total number of 665 judges.

Source: CIA World Factbook

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Legal Profession

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Correspondents' Reports

JURIST's Macedonia Correspondent is Dr. Biljana Vankovska, Faculty of Philosophy (Political Science and Military Law), University of Skopje.

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Dr. Biljana Vankovska
Faculty of Philosophy (Political Science and Military Law),
University of Skopje.
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