On January 13, 1990, Lawrence Douglas Wilder was
sworn in as the governor of Virginia by former U.S. Supreme Court
Justice Lewis Powell. Wilder was the first African-American to be
elected governor of a U.S. state. He would also serve as Mayor of
Richmond, the state's capital city, from 2005 through 2009.
Learn more about the life and career of Douglas Wilder from the Virginia Historical Society.
On January 13, 1898, the French journalist and
novelist Emile Zola published an open letter entitled J'accuse
in defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French
army who had been dubiously convicted of spying.
Learn more about the Dreyfus Affair. Sentenced to prison for libel, Zola fled to England; he was granted amnesty and returned to France, but died of carbon monoxide poisoning before Dreyfus was exonerated.