On July 5, 1935, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) into law. The NLRA is one of the foundational laws for labor and union rights in the US. It established the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), the enforcement arm of the act. Republicans aggressively opposed the bill and its passing was controversial. The Supreme Court ruled the bill constitutional in the landmark case of National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel, where it found labor relations were directly connected to interstate commerce and thus fall under Congress' power through the Commerce Clause.
Learn more about the National Labor Relations Act from the JURIST news archive.