On April 17, 1905, the US Supreme Court overturned a New York statute that limited the number of hours a baker could work, claiming it violated a freedom to contract inherent in the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The case, Lochner v. New York, has been hailed as a controversial and landmark case on the issue of contracts and the expansion of the liberties inherent under the Due Process Clause. It ushered in the Lochner Era, where state and federal economic regulations were routinely struck down as due process violations. The case was overturned in March 1937 in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish.
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