On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to US General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. As part of the surrender, the US paroled Lee's army on the condition that they ceased armed rebellion. In May 1865, US President Andrew Johnson extended a general pardon to ex-Confederates and restored their US citizenship rights so long as they disavowed slavery and swore allegiance to the US Constitution. Johnson's general pardon did not cover high-ranking ex-Confederate politicians and military officers, however. Lee applied to have his US citizenship rights restored, and his application was approved posthumously in 1975.
Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
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