On March 22, 2006, British judge advocate John Bayliss ruled that Royal Air Force Lieutenant Malcolm Kendall-Smith, who challenged the legality of the Iraq War, had to face a court martial on five charges of failing to comply with a lawful order. Kendall-Smith had served with the British forces in Southern Iraq on two deployments, but he had refused a third deployment. Three years after the conflict began, the judge explained that two United Nations Security Council resolutions provided clear authority for British forces in Iraq. The court martial panel found Kendall-Smith guilty, dismissing him from the military and sentencing him to eight months in jail for disobeying.
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