On March 6, 2009, the European Union (EU) announced an agreement with Kenya to transfer suspected pirates captured by the EU into Kenyan custody for prosecution. Kenya, the lead prosecutor of suspected pirates at the time, prosecuted 18 Somali nationals, including the 9 initially involved in the agreement, between March 6 and April 23, 2009. In October 2012, the Kenyan Court of Appeal ruled that the country has jurisdiction to try any pirates caught in international waters, permitting them to continue acting as a leader in pirate prosecutions.
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