On January 15, 2012, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon demanded that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad end the violence in that country against the Syrian people. Despite subsequent gestures by al-Assad towards constitutional reform in February 2012 and voter approval of these reforms, government violence against Syrians persisted. The UN Security Council approved a resolution in April 2012 to send peacekeepers into Syria, but suspended the mission that June as violence escalated and human rights violations continued to occur. In January 2013, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights announced that 60,000 Syrians had died since the conflict started in March 2011.
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