On January 8, 2002, former US President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) [PDF] into law. The legislation required that states successfully adopt and enforce rigorous educational standards to improve the academic performance of public school students, but provided limited federal funds to help states meet these requirements. NCLB became the subject of several federal lawsuits that challenged the legality of forcing states to comply with federal legislation without providing adequate funding. Despite these unsuccessful legal challenges, the Obama administration in September 2011 announced changes to NCLB that would allow states to opt out of the program.
Learn more about No Child Left Behind from the JURIST news archive.