On November 26, 2011, Bahraini King Hama bin Isa Al Khalifa ordered a special commission to convene and follow up on an independent investigation into the alleged crackdown on pro-democracy protestors in the country. The Bahrain Indpendent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) had released its report the week prior, stating that Bahraini authorities had used excessive force and tortured detainees for participating in the demonstrations in early 2011. In anticipation of the release of the BICI report, the Bahraini government admitted to its use of excessive force in its response to the demonstrations. In late October 2012, the Bahrain government continued its crackdown on dissent by placing a ban on all protests and threatening legal action against any group that initiated protests.
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