On September 20, 2011, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Russia violated Yukos Oil's business rights by forcing the company into liquidation through unfair taxation practices. Yukos Oil's owner, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, and his partner Platon Lebedev were arrested on charges of tax evasion and fraud in 2003. The ruling by the court did not include an award of damages and costs. Both Khodorkovsky and Lebedev are serving prison sentences in Russia relating to the tax evasion and fraud charges, which has sparked international criticism of Russia's justice system.
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