On June 30, 2011, a Shchyolkovo town court ruled that the main texts of Scientology, including What Is Scientology?, are "calls to extremist activity" and effectively banned them by placing them on Russia's Federal List of Extremist Materials. The judge ruled that materials by L. Ron Hubbard were "aimed at creating an isolated social group whose members are trained to flawless execution of their functions, much of which is to fight with the world." Distributing materials on the list can be considered inciting hatred, a crime punishable by up to five years in prison. In October 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that Russia had discriminated against the Church of Scientology by barring their attempts to re-register as an organized religion.
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