On April 1, 2011, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled [PDF] 10-6 that it lacked jurisdiction in a case to determine whether Russia committed human rights abuses following the South Ossetia conflict in the 1990s. The ICJ began hearings on the case after Russia challenged the court's jurisdiction to hear the controversy in the late 2009, arguing that the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) was inapplicable as Georgia and Russia were not engaged in a dispute over ethnic discrimination prior to the filing of the allegations. The ICJ dismissed Russia's objection, holding that there was a dispute between the nations, but the court found that the parties had not completed possible negotiations, a procedural requirement that must be fulfilled before parties may bring their dispute to the ICJ. Georgia initially brought the case before the ICJ in August 2008, shortly after Russia sent troops into Georgia.
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