On March 20, 2011, 70 percent of Egyptian citizens voted to approve several constitutional amendments in a national referendum that allowed the country's interim military government to proceed with a new election process. The referendum followed a national uprising against former president Hosni Mubarak that began earlier in 2011 and ultimately resulted in his resignation. Following the referendum election, Egypt held its first parliamentary elections in November 2011. However, the High Administrative Court of Egypt ruled in February 2011 that the voting system used in the election was unconstitutional because it reserved too many legislative positions for political parties and not enough for unaffiliated individuals.
Egyptian coat of arms
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