On August 14, 2008, Nigeria officially turned over the entirety of the disputed Bakassi peninsula to neighboring Cameroon in compliance with a 2002 ruling from the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The ICJ ruling was based on a colonial agreement between the UK and Germany and established that the territory, and its oil reserves, should be handed over to Cameroon. The turnover ended a negotiated withdrawal that began in 2006 when the Nigerian military pulled out of the northern part of the peninsula. Dispute over the territory had sparked violent conflicts between 1981 and 1994.
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