On July 17, 2005, the Iraqi Special Tribunal filed its first formal criminal charges against former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein. The charges were in connection with the 1982 killings of approximately 150 Shiites in the village of Dujail. Hussein pleaded not guilty to the charges of murder, torture, forced expulsions and illegal imprisonment. Hussein was ultimately convicted and sentenced to death for crimes against in humanity in the Dujail case. Although the trial was decried as biased and unfair by members of Hussein's defense team and Human Rights Watch (HRW) the former president was executed on December 30, 2006.