On July 12, 2006, the Connecticut Superior Court ruled that civil unions do not harm same-sex couples. In the decision, Judge Patty Jenkins Pattman said that because civil unions share the same benefits, protections, and responsibilities as married couples, same-sex couples receive equal protection and due process of law under the Connecticut Constitution. Connecticut approved civil unions for same-sex couples in 2005, which gave them the same legal rights as heterosexual married couples. Eight same-sex couples, with backing from the Gay and Lesbian Advocates and Defenders (GLAD), challenged the law by claiming that it treated homosexuals as a separate class of citizens. In 2008, the Connecticut Supreme Court reversed this decision and ruled that the Connecticut Constitution requires that same-sex couples be allowed to marry.