On May 16, 2005, the Kuwaiti National Assembly passed a law granting women the right to both run for and vote in parliamentary elections. Less than one month later, two women were appointed to Kuwait's municipal office the first women to be appointed to public office in the country's history. Following the passage of the electoral reforms, four female MPs were elected to the country's 50-seat parliament in 2009. The validity of their election was challenged and ultimately upheld by the Kuwaiti Constitutional Court, which ruled that female lawmakers are not required to wear the hijab or traditional Muslim headscarf in order to serve in office.
Kuwaiti coat of arms
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