On March 31, 2005, the UN Security Council approved a draft resolution granting the International Criminal Court (ICC) jurisdiction over the conflict in Darfur. Resolution 1593 passed with 11 votes in favor and four members, Algeria, Brazil, China and the US, abstaining. The ICC later charged Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir with war crimes and genocide for the alleged involvement of his government in the conflict. A warrant was issued by the court for his arrest, the first issued for a sitting head of state in the ICC's history. Bashir has yet to be taken into custody by ICC authorities.
Learn more about the ICC and the case against Omar al-Bashir from the JURIST news archive, and read reaction to the case from J. Peter Pham on JURIST Hotline and from Guest Columnist Saira Mohamed on JURIST Forum.