Brazilian high court granted disputed land to indigenous peoples


On March 19, 2009, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled 10-1 to confirm the rights of indigenous peoples to land on the Raposa Serra do Sol reservation and set out 19 rules to guide court in similar cases in the future. The ruling permitted the expulsion of the 200 rice farmers living and working on the Raposa Serra do Sol reservation, created in 2005 by the Brazilian government. The rules set out by the court included prohibiting those outside the indigenous communities from hunting, fishing, gathering or practicing agriculture on the land and granting exclusive use of natural resources to members of the tribal groups.

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