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World Legal News Round Up for Saturday, 26 May 2018

[JURIST] Here's the international legal news we covered this week:

Pakistan's lower house of parliament, the National Assembly, passed a Constitutional amendment [text, PDF] Thursday that merges a region known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province along Pakistan's northwest Afghanistan border.

The move extends a number of political, administrative, and human rights reforms to the FATA, and extends jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and Peshawar High Court as well.

Amnesty International (AI) [advocacy website] released a report [text, PDF] on Thursday accusing the Nigerian military of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity during its fight against Islamic insurgency Boko Haram.
Austrian lawyer and privacy activist Max Schrems filed several multi-billion euro complaints in courts around Europe against Google (Android), Facebook, and two Facebook subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram [complaints, PDF] Friday—the same day as EU data protection laws, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) [official website], went into effect.

Combined, the lawsuits seek to fine a total 6.7 billion euro (€3.9 billion against Facebook, €3.7 billion against Google), or around USD $8.8 billion.

Amnesty International (AI) [advocacy website] responded [report] to the arrest of prominent human rights defender Mohammed al-Bajadi in Saudi Arabia on Friday, pointing out the arrest as continuation of the country's crack down on human rights.

Mohammed al-Bajadi founded the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA), which was shut down by Saudi authorities after its continued campaigns for the rights of prisoners.

The Indonesian Parliament [official website] unanimously approved [text, in Indonesian] a new anti-terrorism law on Friday that will grant the military direct involvement in various counter-terrorism operations.
Swedish lawmakers passed legislation [text, in Swedish] Wednesday making explicit consent or clear communication a requirement before sexual conduct, or it will be considered rape.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres [official profile] on Thursday revealed [press release] a new agenda for nuclear disarmament.
Four former high-ranking Guatemalan military officers were found guilty [IJM report] Wednesday of crimes against humanity by the Guatemalan High-Risk Court C.

The officers were found guilty of sexually abusing an activist and the disappearance of her 14-year-old brother.

The Ontario Court of Appeal [judicial website], the highest court in the province of Ontario, ruled Wednesday that US-based oil corporation Chevron Corp.'s Canadian subsidiary cannot be held liable [judgment, PDF] for a USD $9.5-billion award granted by an Ecuadorian court against the parent company.
Scotland's government introduced [legislative history] a climate change bill [text, PDF] in the Scottish Parliament [official website] on Wednesday that sets greenhouse gas emissions targets at a 90 percent reduction by 2050.
In a hearing [video] before the European Court of Human Rights [official website] Wednesday, the Georgia government accused [press release] Russia of committing war crimes and human rights violations during the 2008 conflict [BBC backgrounder].

Georgia's government accused Russia of more than 100 air assaults in Georgian territory.

The First Criminal Senate of Germany's Schleswig-Holstein Higher Regional Court on Tuesday rejected [press release] the Attorney General's request to rearrest former Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont, saying the risk of Puigdemont absconding are slight.
Amnesty International [advocacy website] reported [report] on Tuesday that a Rohingya militant group known as the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) is behind at least one massacre against Hindus in the Rakhine State that took place last August, as well as other incidences of murders and abductions.

Amnesty wrote that on August 25, 2017, ARSA murdered 53 Hindu villagers, including children, and abducted 16 others.

UN Special Rapporteur Maud de Boer-Buquicchio [official website] on Monday urged [press release] Ireland to include a national strategy to prevent and respond to sexual violence against children.

"I recognise the considerable progress made by Ireland in passing laws which strengthen protection against child marriage, sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children, including through the use of Information and Communications Technology.

Britain's Southwark Crown Court [official website] dismissed charges against Barclays regarding agreements between the bank and Qatari investors during the 2008 financial crisis.

The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) [official website], a British anticorruption government organization, charged [press release] Barclays [corporate website] and four of its former executives in June 2017 [JURIST report] with conspiracy to commit fraud and violation of the Companies Act of 1985 by providing unlawful financial assistance.

The government of Palestine submitted a referral [text, PDF] to the International Criminal Court [official website], which was received by the ICC on Tuesday.
In his speech [press release] marking the 25th Anniversary of the Vienna Declaration, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein said, "human rights all around the world are no longer a priority to countries."

His speech was given to mark the 25th Anniversary of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action [text], adopted on June 25, 1993.

Ongoing violence in Libya is having a devastating impact on health care, according to a Tuesday report [text] from the UN Human Rights Office and UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) [official website] studying the effects from May 1, 2017, to May 1, 2018.
Eight senior members of Thailand's former ruling political party (Pheu Thai) were charged Monday with sedition.
Burundi announced on Monday that voters had approved amending the nation's constitution [text, PDF] to extend presidential term limits from five years to seven.
The Malaysian government on Monday announced the creation of a special task force to look into whether there were criminal acts committed by the management of the 1 Malaysian Development Berhad (1MDB) [BBC report].
The UN Human Rights Council [official website] passed a resolution [press release] on Friday to send an independent investigation commission to examine alleged violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law that occurred in response to mass protests by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and surrounding territory.

About Paper Chase

Paper Chase is JURIST's real-time legal news service, powered by a team of 30 law student reporters and editors led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. As an educational service, Paper Chase is dedicated to presenting important legal news and materials rapidly, objectively and intelligibly in an accessible format.

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