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World Legal News Round Up for Saturday, 12 May 2018

[JURIST] Here's the international legal news we covered this week:

Maria Lourdes Sereno, Chief Justice of the Philippines' highest court, was removed from office [decision, PDF] Friday after President Rodrigo Duterte, who referred to Sereno as his "enemy," called for her ouster, citing violations in her appointment.
UN Special Rapporteur for the rights of indigneous peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz [official profile], expressed concern [press release] Friday over Guatemala's "discrimination and marginalisation" of the nation's indigenous peoples.
Chinese tycoon Wu Xiaohui was sentenced [statement, in Chinese] by the Shanghai No.
President of Portugal Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa vetoed [statement, in Portuguese] legislation Wednesday that would have made it easier for transgender citizens to change their gender and name on government documents.
International Criminal Court (ICC) [official website] Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda told [text] the UN Security Council Wednesday that Libyan National Army Major Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf Al-Werfalli has not yet been arrested by Libyan national authorities, despite [press release] an ICC warrant issued in August 2017.

The warrant for Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf Al-Werfalli was issued after he was accused of executing 33 Libyans.

The White House announced [press release] Wednesday that US President Donald Trump signed a bill [text, PDF] that strives to assist Jewish groups in their attempts to reclaim property and compensation for losses during the Holocaust.

The Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act requires the Secretary of State to submit a report within the next 18 months assessing the nature and extent of the efforts by dozens of European countries to compensate Holocaust survivors.

The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) called [press release] for Turkey to lift its state of emergency restrictions Wednesday in order to hold credible elections it has planned next month.
London's Metropolitan Police Gangs Violence Matrix discriminates based on race and violates individuals' privacy, according to an Amnesty International UK [advocacy website] report published Wednesday, titled Trapped in the Matrix [text, PDF].

The Gangs Matrix labels individuals as red, amber or green based on their "propensity for violence." The label assigned to individuals is partially based on information gathered through monitoring the individuals' social media.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein [official website] on Thursday called for a reduction in violence [press release] in the Central African Republic (CAR), which has seen an increase along religious lines in recent days.

Violence started on May 1 when a group known as Force attacked a church, killing 22 and wounding 185 after the government tried to arrest one of their leaders.

Members of the Pakistan National Assembly voted to pass the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act [text, PDF] Tuesday, establishing transgender individuals as a protected class.
US President Donald Trump announced [press release] Tuesday that the US will be withdrawing from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
The top court in Equatorial Guinea on Monday upheld [decision] a 30-year sentence for 21 activists of the Citizens for Innovation party on charges of "sedition, public disorder, attacks on authority and serious bodily harm." The ruling also upheld the dissolution of the Citizens for Innovation party, the main opposing party in Equatorial Guinea.
Sun Zhengcai, former member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China and former Secretary of the Chongqing Municipal Committee, was sentenced[press release] to life in prison on Tuesday for taking bribes.

The First Intermediate People's Court of Tianjin [official website] found Sun guilty of using his position to help certain individuals and organizations with business operations accepting bribes that totaled 170 million yuan or about $26.7 million.

Amnesty International (AI) [advocacy website] released a report [PDF] on Monday detailing new research that reveals individuals who are detained on politically-motivated charges in Egypt are being held in conditions that amount to torture.

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