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US Legal News Round Up for Saturday, 12 May 2018

[JURIST] Here's the domestic legal news we covered this week:

Users of the Android mobile operating system filed a class action lawsuit [complaint, PDF] against Facebook Wednesday in the US District Court for the Northern District of California [official website] for invading their personal contact data, including call and text message information.
Delaware became the first state in the nation to completely ban marriage for anyone under 18 on Wednesday.
The California Senate [official website] approved a bill [text] on Thursday that would limit evidence regarding a person's immigration status to situations where it is relevant.
The National Fair Housing Alliance and other fair housing groups filed suit [complaint, PDF] Tuesday against the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) [official website] and HUD Secretary Ben Carson in the US District Court for the District of Columbia.
Nearly 75 percent of Ohio primary voters approved an amendment [text, PDF] to the state constitution Tuesday that will change the process for drawing state congressional districts.

The changes include the establishment of a bipartisan committee consisting of the governor, secretary of state, and individuals who are not members of the Ohio Congress, appointed by members from the largest two political parties in each chamber, and others; the requirement of public hearings for comment on proposed plans; and a more stringent bi-partisan congressional voting requirement.

Previously, the state's congressional map-drawing process done by the state legislature, was subject to heavily criticized gerrymandering because it gave primacy to the redistricting committee [JURIST report] and allowed for the majority party to draw district lines with little guidance from the minority party.

The new change "will limit gerrymandering by requiring that congressional districts be drawn with bipartisan approval or utilizing strict anti-gerrymandering criteria.

The White House announced [press release] Wednesday that US President Donald Trump signed a bill [text, PDF] that strives to assist Jewish groups in their attempts to reclaim property and compensation for losses during the Holocaust.

The Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act requires the Secretary of State to submit a report within the next 18 months assessing the nature and extent of the efforts by dozens of European countries to compensate Holocaust survivors.

The US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit [official website] ruled [opinion, PDF] Wednesday that US border authorities may not search detainees' cell phones and other electronic devices without individualized suspicion of wrongdoing.

After apprehending Turkish citizen Hamza Kolsuz at the Washington Dulles International Airport in 2016, authorities conducted an extensive data extraction process that lasted one month and yielded an almost 900-page report including personal contacts, emails, and a history of GPS coordinates.

Kolsuz filed a motion to suppress the report, which was denied by the district court, claiming the search violated his Fourth Amendment rights.

The California Energy Commission [official website] adopted new standards [text, PDF] Wednesday that will require all newly constructed residential buildings to be built with solar photovoltaic systems installed.
Twenty-two "Dreamers" filed a request Tuesday to intervene [motion, PDF] in a lawsuit filed last week in the US District Court for the Southern District of Texas [official website] between seven states and the US government regarding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program (DACA).

The individuals argue that because both sides of the suit want to end the DACA program, the interests of the 22 are not adequately represented.

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) [official website] announced [press release] Tuesday that a former CIA officer has been charged with unauthorized possession of classified material and conspiracy to commit espionage.

In the indictment by a federal grand jury in the US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia [official website], Jerry Chun Shing Lee is believed to have helped Chinese intelligence dismantle a spy network from the US, which led to the imprisonment and death of informants.

In an announcement of the charges, Assistant Attorney General of National Security John Demers [official profile] stated:

When government officials violate their oath to defend our nation and protect its secrets, the National Security Division will hold them accountable.
The US House of Representatives voted [roll call] 234-175 on Tuesday to overturn a rule [text] implemented to prevent discrimination in auto lending.

Implemented in 2013 by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFRB) [official website], the rule ensures that auto lenders cannot charge higher fees to borrowers based on race, national original or credit score.

US President Donald Trump announced [press release] Tuesday that the US will be withdrawing from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
The US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit [official website] on Monday blocked [opinion, PDF] a lawsuit [JURIST report] against Baltimore City State's Attorney Marilyn Mosby [official website] for malicious prosecution, defamation and false light over Mosby's prosecution of officers in the Freddie Gray case [JURIST report].

The appeals court reviewed Mosby's assertion of absolute prosecutorial immunity for the charges of malicious prosecution under 42 USC § 1983 [text].

About Paper Chase

Paper Chase is JURIST's real-time legal news service, powered by a team of 30 law student reporters and editors led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. As an educational service, Paper Chase is dedicated to presenting important legal news and materials rapidly, objectively and intelligibly in an accessible format.

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