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Legal news from Wednesday, September 4, 2013

[JURIST] The Syrian government is currently using cluster munitions in its ongoing conflict [JURIST news archive], according to a report Wednesday by the Landmine and Cluster Munition Moniter (LCMM), an organization co-founded by Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy websites]. Cluster munitions [HRW summary] are similar to landmines and have been … [read more]

[JURIST] New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg [official website] filed suit [complaint, PDF] on Tuesday against the New York City Council [official website] in an effort to overturn recently-enacted legislation relating to the New York Police Department (NYPD) [official website] stop-and-frisk program [text]. The legislation at issue, Local Law 71 … [read more]

[JURIST] The UN Working Group of Experts of People of African Descent and the UN Special Rapporteur on racism on Tuesday called upon [press release] the US government to finalize its investigation into the case surrounding the death of Trayvon Martin [BBC profile]. The controversial acquittal of George Zimmerman sparked … [read more]

[JURIST] A judge for the US District Court for the Southern District of Ohio [official website] on Tuesday issued an order allowing a Cincinnati man to be listed as "spouse" on the death certificate of his late husband. While the state constitution of Ohio [text] prohibits same-sex marriage, state law … [read more]

[JURIST] UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon [official website] on Tuesday questioned the legality of the US plan to strike Syria. Ban stated [Reuters report] that the use of force is lawful only in two very limited circumstances: (1) when used in self-defense according to Article 51 [text] of the UN charter … [read more]

[JURIST] Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] said Wednesday that Pakistan's anti-terrorism laws will be amended to more effectively combat the threat of terrorism. The statements come after increased violence in the city of Karachi. Sharif presided over security meetings discussing how to improve Pakistan's approach … [read more]

[JURIST] The Mexican Senate [official website, in Spanish] on Tuesday approved an education reform bill [press release, in Spanish] that will require periodic evaluations for teachers. The law, approved by a margin of 102-22, aims to raise the quality of the nation's education. Under the new law, teachers are required … [read more]

[JURIST] Fiji's draft constitution does not adequately protect basic human rights [press release], Amnesty International (AI) [advocacy website] said Wednesday. Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] also released a statement on Wednesday calling on Fiji to revise its draft constitution [press release] to include protections for freedom of speech, assembly … [read more]

[JURIST] Romanian prosecutors on Tuesday charged Communist-era prison commander Alexander Visinescu with genocide. Visinescu, the former chief of the Ramnicu Sarat prison under Communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu [Telegraph profile] faces genocide charges for beating and starving political prisoners [AFP report] between 1956 and 1963, the height of Communist repression against … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit [official website] on Tuesday affirmed [opinion, PDF] the dismissal of an antitrust lawsuit accusing Apple [corporate website] of maintaining a monopoly over music files purchased through its iTunes stores. The plaintiff argued on behalf of a class that Apple thwarted … [read more]

[JURIST] The UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia Shamsul Bari on Tuesday commended [press release] the adoption of a human rights roadmap by the Somali federal government. Formally endorsed by the Somali cabinet last week, the roadmap will institutionalize the protection and promotion of human … [read more]

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