Former Egyptian prime minister Hosni Mubarak [BBC profile] appeared in court on Sunday to face retrial on complicity charges in the killing of over 100 protesters during the country's 2011 uprising. Mubarak was recently released from prison [JURIST report] and placed under house arrest at a military hospital after a court concluded that he served the maximum in time allowed in connection with the long-pending corruption case. Mubarak's hearing is now scheduled for September 14 [ABC/AFP report], after the court created three evidentiary committees for the hearing.
Mubarak and other members of his former administration have been the subject of controversial judicial proceedings since the Egyptian Revolution [JURIST backgrounder] began in 2011. Earlier this month a court in Cairo ordered [JURIST report] Mubarak's release. In February an Egyptian court ordered the release [JURIST report] of Mubarak's former chief of staff. In January an Egyptian appeals judge overturned Mubarak's conviction [JURIST report] and ordered a retrial for the former president on the charge of failure to prevent the killing of more than 800 protesters. Also in January former culture minister Farouq Hosni was acquitted of charges [JURIST report] of corruption and illegal enrichment. In July an Egypt court rejected pleas to release [JURIST report] Mubarak's two sons while they await trial, even as their lawyer argued they were detained unlawfully for longer than permissible under Egyptian law. Gamal and Alaa Mubarak, along with seven others, were charged [JURIST report] with stock market fraud, using unfair trading practices and illegally manipulating the market.