[JURIST] Illinois Governor Pat Quinn [official website] on Sunday signed a gun safety bill [HB 1189 text] that will require background checks [press release] for all gun purchases in the state as well as the reporting of all lost and stolen guns. The new law expands the state's previous background check requirements, which covered gun purchases from licensed firearms dealers or those occurring at gun shows, to cover gun sales between private parties as well. The law also requires all owners of firearms whose firearms are lost, misplaced or stolen to report the loss or theft to local law enforcement. Gun owners will have 72 hours after learning of the loss or theft to report it. Gun purchasers who wish to buy a gun in the state will have to obtain a firearm owners identification (FOID) card, which is issued by Illinois state police to applicants who have passed a screening of criminal and mental health records. The seller must then call a state-run hotline [Reuters report] to check the validity of a buyer's FOID card before making the sale. The new reporting requirement for lost and stolen guns is set to take effect immediately, while the new background check system will take effect in January of next year.
Passage of the Illinois bill is the latest development in the national gun control debate. Last month the Illinois Senate joined with the Illinois House of Representatives to pass a bill [JURIST report] that permits state residents to carry concealed firearms with limited restrictions. In April the US Supreme Court declined to hear a challenge [JURIST report] to a New York state gun law, which requires those who desire to carry a concealed handgun to show they have a special reason to do so before they can obtain a license. In March Utah Governor Gary Herbert vetoed a bill [JURIST report] that would have allowed citizens to carry an unloaded, concealed gun without a permit. Also in March the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit ruled [JURIST report] that Maryland can require concealed-carry handgun permit applicants to provide a "good and substantial reason" for wanting to carry a gun outside the home.
[JURIST] Judge Ismail Baloch of the Pakistani anti-terrorism court (ATC) on Monday ordered investigators to produce former president Pervez Musharraf [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] at the next hearing for the killing of Baloch leader Akbar Bugti, scheduled for September 10. Bugti was killed in a 2006 military operation ordered by Musharraf during his time as both president and army chief of Pakistan. Musharraf has been detained at his Islamabad farmhouse since April 19 for conspiracy to kill former prime minister Benazir Bhutto [BBC obituary; JURIST news archive] in 2007.
Musharraf has had many legal troubles of late. In April the Peshawar High Court of Pakistan banned [JURIST report] him from running for public office for the rest of his life and extended his house arrest during the ongoing trial regarding the murder of Bhutto. Last week the Pakistani interim government declined [JURIST report] to try Musharraf for treason because they claimed such action would be outside the scope of their duties. In April a Pakistan court extended [JURIST report] Musharraf's bail on charges of illegally detaining judges. In March Human Rights Watch urged [JURIST report] Pakistan to hold Musharraf accountable for alleged human rights abuses upon his return to the country. Last year Pakistani authorities pledged to arrest [JURIST report] Musharraf for his alleged involvement in Bhutto's assassination. In August 2011 a court ordered seizure of his property [JURIST report] and froze his bank account after he failed to respond to multiple subpoenas regarding the assassination investigation.
[JURIST] The Cairo Criminal Court on Monday reportedly ordered the release of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak [Al Jazeera profile; JURIST news archive] in a long-pending corruption case. His lawyer said that he could be released within days [WP report], which would the first time he was free in more than two years. It is unclear how Mubarak's release will affect a divided Egypt, which has been subject to a state of emergency for the last week amid violent clashes [JURIST report] and increased killings.
Mubarak and members of his former government have been the subject of controversial judicial proceedings since the start of the Egyptian Revolution [JURIST backgrounder] in 2011. In February an Egyptian court ordered the release [JURIST report] of Mubarak's former chief of staff. In January an Egyptian appeals judge overturned Mubarak's conviction [JURIST report] and life sentence and ordered a retrial for the former president on the charge of failure to prevent the killing of more than 800 protesters in 2012. Also in January former culture minister Farouq Hosni was acquitted of charges [JURIST report] of corruption and illegal enrichment. Last August the former secretary for the Mubarak's political party, Safwat El-Sherif, was referred to a criminal court [JURIST report] for abusing his office by obtaining real estates at discounted prices and illegally obtaining $49.2 million. In July an Egyptian court rejected pleas to release [JURIST report] Mubarak's two sons while they await trial, although their lawyer argued they were detained unlawfully for longer than permissible under Egyptian law. Gamal and Alaa Mubarak, along with seven others, were charged [JURIST report] with stock market fraud, using unfair trading practices and illegally manipulating the market.
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