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Legal news from Wednesday, July 31, 2013
by Andrew Morgan

We are proud to announce the release of a new JURIST endeavor: the JURIST Podcast. On a monthly basis, our editors, contributors, professional staff and other friends of JURIST will get together to discuss the issues of the day. We hope that the podcast will allow us to treat your ears to the same brand of no-nonsense legal …

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by Theresa Donovan

A UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) mid-year report released on Wednesday indicated a 23 percent rise in the number of Afghani civilian casualties over the first six months of 2013 as compared to the same period last year. The report noted that many civilian deaths have been caused by the increased use of improvised …

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by Theresa Donovan

Amnesty International (AI) on Tuesday called on California to end conditions for prisoners in solitary confinement and order an impartial investigation into the recent death of a prisoner. Billy Sell, 32, was found hanged in his cell last Monday at the Corcoran State Prison in central California. Prison officials originally reported …

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by Endia Vereen

The UK Court of Appeals on Wednesday upheld a law against euthanasia. Tony Nicholson, now deceased, was the victim of a paralyzing stroke. Paul Lamb was severely paralyzed after a car accident. Both men challenged the UK's definition of murder, seeking medical assistance in committing suicide. In 2012 a UK High Court ruled that the case could …

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by Kimberly Bennett

A judge for the US District Court for the Southern District of Indiana on Monday granted a permanent injunction, halting lawmakers from preventing Medicaid recipients from accessing health care services at Planned Parenthood clinics. The case was brought by the American Civil Liberties Union of Indiana on behalf of Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky …

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by Elizabeth LaForgia

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ruled Tuesday that probable-cause warrants are not required to access cell phone location information. In a 2-1 decision, the Fifth Circuit reversed lower court decisions that said the location data was protected by the Fourth Amendment. The court stated that warrantless access is …

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by Kimberly Bennett

The UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism on Monday urged Chilean authorities to refrain from applying anti-terrorism legislation that directly impacts the Mapuche indigenous peoples. Special Rapporteur Ben Emmerson made his first official visit to Chile, finding that "the anti-terrorism legislation has been disproportionately and unfairly applied against Mapuche defendants, and has been implemented without …

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by Elizabeth LaForgia

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) praised the High Court of Kenya Tuesday for upholding the asylum right of urban refugees and expressed hope the government of Kenya will now resume legal services. Last week the High Court of Kenya ruled against a government directive to transfer refugees from urban areas to refugee camps in Dadaab …

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by Sydney Normil

The US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has reaffirmed that two anti-illegal immigration laws enacted in 2006 by Hazleton, Pennsylvania, are preempted by federal immigration law. On Friday the court permanently enjoined Hazleton's enforcement of the Illegal Immigration Relief Act Ordinance (IIRAO) [Ord. 2006-18, PDF] and the Rental Registration Ordinance (RO) [Ord. 2006-13, …

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by G. Redd

The Pennsylvania Department of Health on Tuesday filed a petition in the Commonwealth Court seeking to stop the Montgomery County Register of Wills from issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. D Bruce Hanes of Montgomery County was allegedly acting under the guidance of Attorney General Kathleen Kane, who instructed him that …

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by Sydney Normil

Italy's highest court, the Court of Cassation began hearing an appeal by Silvio Berlusconi of his tax fraud conviction, which, if upheld, would prevent the former prime minister from taking political office for five years. Prosecutors are seeking to reduce the five-year ban to three on technical legal …

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by G. Redd

The First Department of the New York State Supreme Court Appellate Division on Tuesday uphled the lower court's March ruling that a municipal agency cannot ban large portions of sugary drinks. Although the court conceded that over-consumption of high sugar content beverages is directly related to an increase in diabetes and juvenile mortality rates, …

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