Former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak [Al Jazeera profile; JURIST news archive] appeared in court on Saturday for a retrial on charges of complicity in the murder of over 800 protesters last year. An Egyptian appeals judge overturned Mubarak's conviction and life sentence in January on those same charges, ordering a retrial. The next hearing is set for June 8 at which time the prosecution promises to offer new evidence [Reuters report], including some taken from the report of a fact-finding committee set up by Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi [BBC profile; JURIST news archive]. Mubarak has been ordered to remain in prison while an investigation into corruption charges continues, and was returned to prison in spite of having already served [JURIST reports] the statutory maximum of two years in temporary detention.
Mubarak and members of his government have been the subject of controversial judicial proceedings since the start of the Egyptian Revolution [JURIST backgrounder] in 2011. In February an Egyptian court ordered the release [JURIST report] of Mubarak's former chief of staff. In January an Egyptian appeals judge overturned Mubarak's conviction [JURIST report] and life sentence and ordered a retrial for the former president on the charge of failure to prevent the killing of more than 800 protesters in 2012. Also in January former culture minister Farouq Hosni was acquitted of charges [JURIST report] of corruption and illegal enrichment. Last August the former secretary for the Mubarak's political party, Safwat El-Sherif, was referred to a criminal court [JURIST report] for abusing his office by obtaining real estates at discounted prices and illegally obtaining $49.2 million. In July an Egyptian court rejected pleas to release [JURIST report] Mubarak's two sons while they await trial, although their lawyer argued they were detained unlawfully for longer than permissible under Egyptian law. Gamal and Alaa Mubarak, along with seven others, were charged [JURIST report] with stock market fraud, using unfair trading practices and illegally manipulating the market.