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Legal news from Wednesday, April 3, 2013
by Brandon Gatto

A group of US policymakers and advocates on Wednesday alleged in a new report that Sudan's government has committed war crimes, crimes against humanity and torture near the border of South Sudan since June 2011. Titled Architects of Atrocity, the report was released by the Enough Project, a group committed to ending genocide and crimes …

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by Jerry Votava

French law enforcement officials on Wednesday arrested Tite Barahira, a former Rwandan leader, for conspiracy to commit genocide committed during the 1994 genocide in that country. Barahira was arrested pursuant to an arrest warrant issued in Rwanda, in the French city of Toulouse. Barahira was leader of Commune Kabarondo, and is alleged to be connected to …

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by Michael Haggerson

Two UN human rights experts were critical of the Hungarian Parliament on Wednesday for passing an amendment to the Hungarian Fundamental Law that criminalizes homelessness. Hungary is estimated to currently have 30,000 homeless individuals. The UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights Magdalena Sepulveda and the UN Special Rapporteur on adequate …

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by Keith Herting

Lawmakers in Alabama passed legislation Tuesday which imposes tough restrictions on abortion clinics and practitioners within the state. The Women's Health and Safety Act was passed in the Alabama Senate by a 22-10 vote [AL.com report] after having been approved by the state's House of Representatives in February by a 73-23 …

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by Matthew Pomy

Thailand's Constitutional Court agreed on Wednesday to hear a challenge to the process by which parliament amends the constitution. The court refused to grant an injunction on the existing petitions before parliament, as the senator who brought the challenge was seeking. The key provision before parliament would change Article 68 of Thailand's constitution to prevent …

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by Cynthia Miley

Uruguay's Senate on Tuesday voted 23-8 in favor of legalizing same-sex marriage. The bill creates one law covering marriage for both heterosexual and homosexual couples. It allows couples decide whose surname goes first when naming children; clarifies rules for adoption and in-vitro fertilization; and eliminates "husband and …

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by Blake Lynch

Indian President Pranab Mukherjee on Wednesday signed into law an anti-rape bill providing for life terms and death sentences for offenders in addition to punishment for acid attacks, stalking and voyeurism. The bill also provides that all hospitals shall immediately provide medical assistance free of cost to the victims of acid attack or rape. Portions …

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by Laura Klein Mullen

The UN General Assembly on Tuesday approved the first global arms treaty a week after Syria, North Korea, and Iran blocked it. The treaty, which regulates trade of conventional weapons, passed with 154 member states voting in favor of the treaty. Only 3 states voted against the treaty on the basis …

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by Jerry Votava

A court in France on Tuesday ordered Pascal Simbikangwa, a former Rwandan Army Captain, to stand trial for crimes against humanity committed during the 1994 genocide in that country. Simbikangawa was arrested pursuant to an international arrest warrant. He was the head of Central Intelligence under the Hutu Rwandan government during the 1994 Rwandan genocide …

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