Legal news from Tuesday, March 20, 2012

[JURIST] Violence and rights abuses continue in Myanmar's northern state of Kachin, Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] reported [text, PDF] Tuesday. HRW claims that a significant number of civilians are subject to abuses due to the conflict between Myanmar's armed forces and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) [BBC backgrounder]. … [read more]

[JURIST] The Commission Nationales de l'Informatque (CNIL) [official website], France's data protection regulator, has given Google Inc. [corporate website] three weeks to answer questions [press release] about its new privacy policy [text] as part of a Europe-wide investigation on behalf of all European data protection regulators. Specifically, in a letter … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] on Tuesday ruled unanimously [opinion, PDF] in Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] that patents obtained under 35 § 101 [text] that correlate the body's biological reaction to different dosages of a certain type of drug are invalid because they … [read more]

[JURIST] Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website; JURIST news archive] published an open letter [text] on Tuesday to leaders of a movement opposing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad [JURIST news archive], alleging that members of the opposition movement have tortured, kidnapped and executed supporters of the Assad government. In the letter, … [read more]

[JURIST] The Pakistani parliamentary national security committee on Tuesday urged the US to stop the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) [official website] drone attacks [JURIST news archive]. The relationship between the two countries has suffered since a NATO airstrike in November that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers [JURIST op-ed] at the Salala … [read more]

[JURIST] The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) [advocacy website] on Monday filed a petition [press release] against the US with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IAHCR) [official website] on behalf of three Afghans and three Iraqis who were allegedly tortured while being detained by the American military in Afghanistan … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled 8-1 [opinion, PDF] Tuesday in Roberts v. Sea-Land Services [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] that under the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA) [text], an employee is "newly awarded compensation" for the purposes of the act when he first becomes disabled and entitled to … [read more]

[JURIST] The Idaho State Senate [official website] approved a bill [SB 1349, PDF] on Monday requiring a woman who is seeking an abortion to first receive an ultrasound. The ultrasound bill's purported goal is to ensure that a woman's "consent to an abortion is truly informed consent." The bill requires … [read more]

[JURIST] Military forces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) committed human rights violations during last year's presidential elections, according to a report [text, PDF] published Tuesday by the UN Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO), consisting of the UN Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) and … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled 7-2 [opinion, PDF] Tuesday in Martinez v. Ryan [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] on a defendant's ineffective assistance of counsel claim. Luis Mariano Martinez was convicted on two sexual assault counts related to the alleged rape of his stepdaughter and is serving consecutive sentences of … [read more]

[JURIST] A Madagascar court on Monday began the trial of a former International Court of Justice (ICJ) [official website] judge accused of planning an attempted coup in the country. Raymond Ranjeva, who served as an ICJ judge from 1991 to 2009, and his daughter, Riana Ratsisalovanina, appeared in court on … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit [official website] ruled [opinion, PDF] Monday in Discount Tobacco City & Lottery v. USA [JURIST report] that graphic cigarette label warnings [JURIST news archive] are constitutional. The court decided unanimously that the portions of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] heard oral arguments [day call, PDF] Monday in Astrue v. Capato [transcript; JURIST report] on whether a child who was conceived after the death of a biological parent, but who cannot inherit personal property from that biological parent under applicable state intestacy law, … [read more]

[JURIST announcement] Over the past couple weeks, several people have asked why JURIST needs to raise funds. You can read all the details on these pages, but the most direct answer is that it all comes back to budget cuts. Due to general economic circumstances completely outside of our control, … [read more]

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