Legal news from Wednesday, January 11, 2012

[JURIST] Twenty-six states submitted a brief [text, PDF] to the US Supreme Court [official website] Tuesday challenging the constitutionality of the expansion of Medicaid for the poor and disabled in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) [HR 3590; JURIST backgrounder]. The brief argues that PPACA's expansion of Medicaid … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled unanimously [opinion, PDF] Wednesday in Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] that the Establishment and Free Exercise Clauses [Cornell LII backgrounders] of the First Amendment bar wrongful termination lawsuits when the employer is a religious group and the … [read more]

[JURIST] Wednesday marked the tenth annivesary of the detention center at Guantanamo Bay [JURIST backgrounder]. On January 11, 2002, 20 detainees arrived at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, imprisoned as the first "enemy combatants" in the War on Terror declared by the US after 9/11 [JURIST backgrounder]. The 20 men were the … [read more]

[JURIST] A judge for the US District Court for the District of South Carolina [official website] on Monday placed a hold on a lawsuit over the state's new immigration law [SB 20] pending the outcome of a similar case to be heard by the US Supreme Court [official website]. The … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled unanimously [opinion, PDF] Wednesday in Pacific Operators Offshore LLP v. Valladolid [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] that the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA) [43 USC §§ 1331-1356 text] extends coverage to an employee who can establish a substantial nexus between his injury and his … [read more]

[JURIST] A report compiled by a French court appeared Tuesday to clear Rwandan President Paul Kagame [official website; BBC profile] of accusations that he orchestrated the 1994 assassination of the country's then-leader Juvenal Habyarimana [NYT profile]. The accusations against Kagame stem from the April 6, 1994, plane crash that killed … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled 8-1 [opinion, PDF] Wednesday in Perry v. New Hampshire [SCOTUSblog backgrounder] that the Due Process Clause does not require a preliminary judicial inquiry into the reliability of an eyewitness identification when the identification was not procured under unnecessarily suggestive circumstances arranged by … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit [official website] on Tuesday lifted an injunction [opinion, PDF] on a Texas law [text, PDF] that requires women to have a sonogram before undergoing an abortion [JURIST news archive], allowing the law to be enforced. In addition to the sonogram, … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] heard oral arguments [day call, PDF] in two cases on Tuesday. In FCC v. Fox Television Stations, Inc. [transcript, PDF; JURIST report], the court heard arguments on whether the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) [official website] current indecency enforcement regime violates the First or … [read more]

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website] ruled 8-1 [opinion, PDF] Tuesday in Smith v. Cain [JURIST report] to overturn the conviction of Juan Smith due to the New Orleans District Attorney's office [official website] withholding material evidence from the defense. Smith was convicted of murder largely on the testimony … [read more]

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