Lawyers representing women who claimed discrimination by Wal-Mart [corporate website] filed an amended lawsuit [complaint, PDF] Thursday narrowing their claims to California stores of the retail giant. The lawsuit, filed in the US District Court for the Northern District of California [official website], alleges discriminatory practices against more than 90,000 women regarding pay and job promotion. The suit is expected to be the first of many cases against the retailer [Bloomberg report] broken down by state and region. Lawyers for Wal-Mart indicated the new suit relies on the same theories expressly rejected [Reuters report] by the US Supreme Court [official website]. The new suit seeks back pay [San Francisco Chronicle report] for female employees of Wal-Mart in California between December 1998 and at least June 2004, as well as requiring nondiscriminatory pay and promotions criteria.
In August, a judge ordered [text, PDF] that a group of women seeking to recover damages from Wal-Mart must file their lawsuits by October 28 [JURIST report]. In June, the US Supreme Court ruled [opinion, PDF] in Wal-Mart v. Dukes [Cornell LII backgrounder] that the group who filed the original claim did not meet the requirements for class certification [JURIST report]. The original case was filed in 2001 by female Wal-Mart employees [class website] who contended that Wal-Mart's nationwide policies result in lower pay for women than men in comparable positions and longer waits for management promotions than men. Wal-Mart appealed to the Supreme Court in August 2010 after the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld class certification [JURIST reports] in April of that year. A three-judge panel of the Ninth Circuit originally ruled against Wal-Mart's appeal of the class certification in February 2007, then issued a new opinion [text, PDF] in conjunction with its decision in December 2007. Wal-Mart appealed [JURIST report] to the Ninth Circuit in 2005, arguing that the six lead plaintiffs were not typical or common of the class. The certified class, which in 2001 was estimated to comprise more than 1.5 million women, includes all women employed by Wal-Mart nationwide at any time after December 26, 1998. It would have been the largest class action lawsuit in US history.