California's Legislative Analyst's Office [official website] released a status report [text, PDF] on Friday concluding that California is unlikely to meet the Supreme Court's two-year deadline [JURIST report] to reduce the state's prison population by 34,000 inmates. California's prisoner realignment plan, which entails shifting thousands of low-level offenders to county jails [LAT report], could reduce the prison population by 32,000 inmatesstill a few thousand inmates short of decreasing the 180 percent prison capacity to the mandated 137.5 percent capacity, by June 27, 2013. The report states that despite statutory sentencing changes, out-of-state transfers, the construction of new prisons, and the realignment of certain adult offenders and parolees, California is urged to request additional time to comply with the order. The number of inmates currently in California prisons is approximately 143,500, about a 19,000 inmate reduction from 2006
In June, California Governor Jerry Brown [official website] submitted a plan [press release] to reduce the state's prison population to reduce prison overcrowding [JURIST news archive]. The plan [JURIST report] is a response to the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Plata [Cornell LII backgrounder to uphold a federal three-judge panel order that concluded that the extreme overcrowding of the California prison system violated the Eighth Amendment [text] because it prevented the system from providing adequate medical and mental health care to the inmates.