At least 840 people were killed, and more than 6,000 were injured during the Egyptian revolution to oust former president Hosni Mubarak [Al Jazeera profile; JURIST news archive], according to an Amnesty International (AI) [advocacy website] report [PDF] released Thursday. AI argues that Egypt must do more to deal with the victims of human rights violations the organization claims were perpetrated by Egypt's security forces. The report argues that the new Egyptian government should take three broad steps to remedying the violations: Egypt should "conduct full, impartial and independent investigations into all cases of human rights violations which took place during the unrest," provide financial compensation to those who suffered human rights violations, and "undertake a fundamental overhaul of all the security and law enforcement bodies, and make public a clear structure of the various security branches with a clear chain of command and full accountability under the law."
Earlier this month, former Egyptian interior minister Habib el-Adly was convicted [JURIST report] on charges of corruption and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison. He is also set to face a separate trial this Saturday over his involvement in the killing of protesters. Mubarak is also facing charges [JURIST report] over the killings of protesters and could face the death penalty if convicted. He also faces charges [Ahram report] of corruption and embezzlement of public funds. Zakaria Shalash, head judge of the Cairo Court of Appeals, said this month that Mubarak may face execution [Ahram report] and that Adly's testimony could help prove Mubarak was an accomplice to the killings. In February, AI reported new evidence that the Supreme Military Council of Egypt had been torturing protester-detainees [JURIST report]. Through various detainee accounts, AI stated that individuals were tortured "to intimidate protesters and to obtain information about plans for the protests." Also in February, Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] reported that the Egyptian military was improperly detaining protesters and allowing prisoner abuse [JURIST report].