Legal news from Monday, April 19, 2010
15:04 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] heard oral arguments [day call, PDF; merit briefs] Monday in two cases. In Christian Legal Society v. Martinez [oral arguments transcript, PDF; JURIST report], the court heard arguments on whether a state law school may deny recognition to a religious [read more]

14:04 EDT

[JURIST] Kyrgyzstan's provisional government on Monday announced a plan to institute democratic reforms, including a referendum on a new constitution. The plan seeks to move Kyrgyzstan toward a parliamentary republic [Reuters report] with increased checks and balances and a reduction in the constitutional scope of presidential power. In order to [read more]

14:04 EDT

[JURIST] Toyota Motor Corporation [corporate website; JURIST news archive] on Monday accepted a record civil penalty of $16.375 million [press release] imposed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) [official website] for a four-month delay in notifying the agency about a problem with "sticky" and "slow to return pedal" [read more]

13:04 EDT

[JURIST] Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari [official website] on Monday signed into law [press release] the 18th Amendment bill [text, PDF], limiting presidential powers expanded under former military leader Pervez Musharraf [BBC profile; JURIST news archive]. Under the amendment, which effectively reduces the role of the president to a figurehead, [read more]

12:04 EDT

[JURIST] A Bangladeshi special court in the district of Sathkhira on Monday sentenced 56 members of the Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) [official website] on charges relating to their involvement in last year's border guard mutiny [BBC backgrounder; JURIST news archive] that left 74 dead. Of the 60 charged [AP report] with [read more]

11:04 EDT

[JURIST] The Iraqi Independent High Election Commission (IHEC) [official website] on Monday ordered a manual recount of Baghdad province ballots cast in the March 7 parliamentary elections [JURIST news archive], following fraud allegations. The election commissioner for the IHEC informed the public that the Baghdad recount would begin immediately [Al [read more]

10:04 EDT

[JURIST] UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay [official profile] on Monday encouraged the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) [official website, in Arabic; GlobalSecurity backgrounder] states to address continuing rights issues [press release], including women's rights, treatment of migrant workers, statelessness, and freedoms of expression, association, and assembly. In [read more]

10:04 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Monday granted certiorari [order list, PDF] in four cases. In Costco v. Omega [docket; cert. petition, PDF], the court will decide whether the first-sale doctrine [17 USC § 109(a)], which provides that the owner of any particular copy "lawfully [read more]

09:04 EDT

[JURIST] A Tehran Revolutionary Court [official website, in Persian; GlobaLex backgrounder] on Monday sentenced three prominent progressive activists to six years in prison in connection with protests following the controversial re-election of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad [BBC profile; JURIST news archive] in June. According to the state-run Islamic Republic News [read more]

08:04 EDT

[JURIST] Hundreds of Sunni men were detained without warrant and subjected to torture under authority of the military office of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki [official profile, in Arabic; BBC profile], according to a Monday Los Angeles Times report [text]. More than 400 men were initially detained in October during [read more]

07:04 EDT

[JURIST] Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] on Monday criticized [report text] the violent and repressive conditions in southern Somalia that have been implemented by the Islamist group al-Shabaab [CFR backgrounder]. HRW interviewed more than 70 victims and witnesses, concluding that while some areas of the country under al-Shabaab rule [read more]

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