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Legal news from Monday, April 19, 2010
by Jaclyn Belczyk

The US Supreme Court heard oral arguments Monday in two cases. In Christian Legal Society v. Martinez, the court heard arguments on whether a state law school may deny recognition to a religious student organization where the group requires its officers and voting …

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by Steve Dotterer

Kyrgyzstan's provisional government on Monday announced a plan to institute democratic reforms, including a referendum on a new constitution. The plan seeks to move Kyrgyzstan toward a parliamentary republic with increased checks and balances and a reduction in the constitutional scope of presidential power. In order to increase the perceived legitimacy of the process, the government has …

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by Michael Kraemer

Toyota Motor Corporation on Monday accepted a record civil penalty of $16.375 million imposed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for a four-month delay in notifying the agency about a problem with "sticky" and "slow to return pedal" gas pedals in various car models. US Department of Transportation …

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by Carrie Schimizzi

Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari on Monday signed into law the 18th Amendment bill, limiting presidential powers expanded under former military leader Pervez Musharraf. Under the amendment, which effectively reduces the role of the president to a figurehead, the vast majority of the president's powers will be transferred …

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by Megan McKee

A Bangladeshi special court in the district of Sathkhira on Monday sentenced 56 members of the Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) on charges relating to their involvement in last year's border guard mutiny that left 74 dead. Of the 60 charged with taking up arms, firing, driving their army commanders out of …

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by Patrice Collins

The Iraqi Independent High Election Commission (IHEC) on Monday ordered a manual recount of Baghdad province ballots cast in the March 7 parliamentary elections, following fraud allegations. The election commissioner for the IHEC informed the public that the Baghdad recount would begin immediately, citing manipulation in voting stations. The ruling State …

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by Ann Riley

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay on Monday encouraged the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states to address continuing rights issues, including women's rights, treatment of migrant workers, statelessness, and freedoms of expression, association, and assembly. In a speech at a university in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the …

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by Jaclyn Belczyk

The US Supreme Court on Monday granted certiorari in four cases. In Costco v. Omega [docket; cert. petition, PDF], the court will decide whether the first-sale doctrine [17 USC § 109(a)], which provides that the owner of any particular copy "lawfully made under this title" may resell that good without the …

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by Daniel Richey

A Tehran Revolutionary Court on Monday sentenced three prominent progressive activists to six years in prison in connection with protests following the controversial re-election of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in June. According to the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA), Mohsen Mirdamadi, Mostafa Tajzadeh, …

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by Dwyer Arce

Hundreds of Sunni men were detained without warrant and subjected to torture under authority of the military office of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, according to a Monday Los Angeles Times report. More than 400 men were initially detained in October during sweeps of Nineveh province, an area in which al Qaeda …

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by Hillary Stemple

Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Monday criticized the violent and repressive conditions in southern Somalia that have been implemented by the Islamist group al-Shabaab. HRW interviewed more than 70 victims and witnesses, concluding that while some areas of the country under al-Shabaab rule are more stable when compared to areas under control of …

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