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Legal news from Tuesday, March 3, 2009
by Andrew Morgan

The US Supreme Court heard oral arguments in two cases on Tuesday. In Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Company the Court heard arguments on whether they should adopt a constitutional standard for requiring state judges to recuse themselves in cases where there is an "appearance of …

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by Devin Montgomery

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) on Monday released two memoranda and seven opinions authored by the White House Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) during the presidency of George W. Bush, supporting the administration's counter-terrorism policies. The opinions, dated between 2001 and 2003, supported the president's broad use of executive authority …

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by Devin Montgomery

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) acknowledged Monday that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has destroyed 92 videotapes of terrorism suspect interrogations. The acknowledgment came in response to an August 2008 judicial order that the CIA turn over information regarding the tapes or provide specific justifications on why …

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by Ximena Marinero

The International Criminal Court (ICC) should take steps to improve the enforcement of international justice, according to a report issued Tuesday by Aegis Trust, an advocacy group dedicated to eliminating genocide. The report, entitled "The Enforcement of Criminal Law," proposes reforms that would improve enforcement, including:pooled financing, specialist units, a new …

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by Bhargav Katikaneni

Defense lawyers for former Khmer Rouge foreign minister Ieng Sary, on trial for crimes against humanity, have been ordered to remove documents relating to their case from a website within 48 hours or face sanctions. Judges from the Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia (ECCC) …

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by Brian Jackson

The UN on Monday appointed five new judges to serve on the UN Dispute Tribunal, and seven new judges, including one American, to the UN Appeals Tribunal. The tribunals were authorized in 2007, pursuant to UN General Assembly resolution 62/228, and the appeals tribunal is charged with appellate review of grievance and discipline …

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by Matt Glenn

Chinese courts have begun accepting lawsuits against dairy companies in the contaminated milk scandal, a court official announced Monday, departing from their previous policy. Shen Deyong, executive vice president of the Supreme People's Court, China's highest court, made the announcement the day after the Chinese government announced it had finished compensating the …

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by Ingrid Burke

More than 100 Serbian judges, prosecutors, and legal professionals prevented the opening of the first EU-backed trial in Kosovo by protesting in front of the Mitrovica court house Monday. A panel of three judges had been set to preside over a criminal case involving two Serbian defendants. As Serbia …

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by Jaclyn Belczyk

The US Supreme Court decided two cases Tuesday. In Summers v. Earth Island Institute the Court ruled 5-4 that a group of environmentalists cannot sue to have a Forest Service regulation struck down, as they are limited only to suing to end programs enacted under that regulation. …

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by Adrienne Lester

One in 31 US adults are on probation, in prison, or on parole, according to a report released Monday by the Pew Center on the States. The report found that men are five times more likely than women to be under correctional control, although the number of women continues to grow. Black adults are …

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by Amelia Mathias

US Attorney General Eric Holder on Monday reaffirmed his opposition to waterboarding as an acceptable interrogation device. In a speech before the Jewish Council for Public Affairs, Holder emphasized the need to return to the ideals of the US.As I unequivocally stated in my confirmation hearing before the U.S. Senate, waterboarding is …

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by Andrew Gilmore

The Supreme Iraq Criminal Tribunal convicted Ali Hassan al-Majid Monday of murder and sentenced him to a third death sentence, while acquitting former Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz. Al-Majid, better known in the Western Media as "Chemical Ali," and a cousin of former Iraqi dictator …

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by Eszter Bardi

Zimbabwean human rights activist Jestina Mukoko was released on bail Monday after three months of detention on the authorization of President Robert Mugabe. Mukoko, director of the Zimbabwe Peace Project (ZPP), had been held without chargers since December and was allegedly subjected to torture during her incarceration. Mukoko has …

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