[JURIST] Human Rights Watch (HRW) [advocacy website] said [HRW press release] Monday that upon inauguration US president-elect Barack Obama [official website] should immediately denounce the previous administration's "abusive" counterterrorism policies in order to bring US practices into accordance with the country's "basic values" and its own obligations under international law. HRW released a report [text, PDF] delineating the 11 measures Obama should pursue, including closing the military prison camp at Guantanamo Bay [JURIST news archive], abolishing military commissions [JURIST news archive] in favor of trying terrorist suspects in federal court, issuing an executive order banning 'all torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment' in CIA interrogations, and rejecting the 'global war on terror' as a legal justification for the indefinite detention of terrorist suspects. HRW said:
Over the past seven years, the US governments consistent disregard for human rights in fighting terrorism has diminished Americas moral authority, set a negative example for other governments, and undermined the goal of reducing anti-American militancy around the world. The use of torture, unlawful rendition, secret prisons, unfair trials, and long-term, arbitrary detention without charge has been both morally wrong and counterproductive.In an interview with '60 Minutes' on Sunday [CBS News transcript], the President-elect reinforced his campaign promises, maintaining:
By making a high-profile, public commitment to a new course, and by taking bold steps toward reform, [Obama] can signal to the nation and to the world that his administration understands that US counterterrorism policy should be consistent with the countrys basic values and with international law.
I have said repeatedly that I intend to close Guantanamo, and I will follow through on that. I have said repeatedly that America doesn't torture. And I'm gonna [sic] make sure that we don't torture. Those are part and parcel of an effort to regain America's moral stature in the world.Last week, the ACLU [advocacy website] initiated an ad campaign [image, PDF] calling on Obama to close Guantanamo Bay and the use of military commissions on his first day in office. Advisers to Obama said last week that no final decisions have been made regarding closure of the Guantanamo Bay prison, despite earlier media reports [JURIST reports] that a plan was being developed.